ROAD SAFETY IN TAMIL NADU: A GROWING PUBLIC HEALTH CONCERN
Background: Globally Injuries are becoming a very important public health problem, because of injury; worldwide around 5 million people are dying in each year. The Incidence of road traffic accident is noticeably increased in India. In Tamil Nadu, the total number of road accidents has been on a constant rise.
Objective: This study aims to provide an overview of the road traffic accidents in Tamil Nadu and also describes how the districts are clustered based on the injury rates and fatality rates.
Methods: Data was collected from various resources both electron and traditional sources such as online databases, internet and hardcopy of data received from the State Transport Department of Tamil Nadu. Cluster analysis was carried.
Result: Accidents according to the type of vehicles during the year of 2015, shows that two-wheelers accounted for the highest share in total road accidents. Males have higher risk than the females. If the current circumstances continue, we predicted that, during 2021 the total number of accident will be approximately 79013 in Tamilnadu. The districts with high injury rates were Villupuram, Ariyalur, Cuddalore, Thiruvarur, Kanchipuram and Nagapatinam.
Conclusion: Though India constitutes around 1% of the vehicle population in the world, the percentage of road traffic fatalities from India is nearly 10%. The National Road Safety Council (NRSC) ever since its inception as an outcome of MVA 1988 has tried to formulate and finalize a road safety policy for India, but yet to demonstrate remarkable results.
Keywords: Cluster analysis, Injury, Road traffic accident, Secondary data, and Time series analysis.
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