Descriptive assessment of grade of depression among college going students and its correlate
ABSTRACT: Depression is a common mental disorder affecting all irrespective of different ages. Globally, more than 300 million people of all ages suffer from depression. Depression is a major contributor to the overall global burden of disease and is the leading cause of disability worldwide. At worst depression can lead to suicide. METHODOLOGY: Community based cross sectional study was conducted from February 2018 to April 2018 among 126 students of PG college Rishikesh belonging to age 18 -26 year ,under field practice area of community and Family Medicine AIIMS Rishikesh. A pre-validated structured pretested questionnaire (PHQ-9) was applied for this purpose. RESULTS: Mean age of the subjects was 22.84±1.5. Prevalence of depression was found to be higher among female population than male. Overall prevalence of depression among study population was 74.60% among them 4% were severely depressed. 58% of females and 40% males had suicidal ideations. Majority of participants were stressed with the undue peer pressure followed by career pressure. 71% of participants used to feel sad when they were away from the internet. Parental over expectations, financial issue at home, relationship problem among them found to be significantly (p<0.05) associated factor with depression. Exercise for 30 minutes in a day for 5 days in a week was found to be significantly (p<0.02, odds ratio 0.20 (0.06-0.7 at 95%CI) found to be protective for depression. CONCLUSION: Depression is highly prevalent among college going population. Certain factors like education counselling, parenting, behaviour therapy should be focussed among college students and their parents to decrease the prevalence of depression. Physical activity among students must be encouraged in order to prevent depression among students. New policy and interventions should be started targeting the specific age group according to their requirement.
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