Awareness about Social Security Schemes among elderly: A comparative study among rural and urban population of Khordha District, Odisha
Background:Population ageing being inevitable and with the increasing number of elderly due to demographic transition, social security is of outmost importance for them. Awareness and utilisation of these schemes being less researched, hence we undertook this study.
Aim & Objective:To find out the awareness regarding existing social security schemes, to find out the pattern of utilisation of these schemes and to list the challenges faced by the elderly in utilising these schemes.
Methods and Material:Using a cross-sectional study design and a researcher-made questionairre with details on awareness and utilisation of social security schemes, study was conducted from January to March 2018, among the randomly selected consenting elderly in the urban and rural field practice areas of a medical college. Data was analysed using EpiInfo software(version3.5.4)
Results:A total of 540(270 each in urban and rural) participants were included.55.93% in urban and 51.48% in rural were aware and 33.38% in urban and 15.56% in rural utilised atleast any one of the social welfare schemes. 27.78% in urban and 25.19% in rural expressed their disatisfaction with the amount of pension recieved.The differences in the awareness about property protection and old age pension had a statistically significant difference between the urban and rural population with better awareness among the urban elderly.
Conclusions:Social security schemes for elderly should provide protection in terms of social, financial, emotional well being.Although the awareness levels were nearly the same in the urban and rural population, but utilisation rates had a marked difference. Lesser utilisation of these measures in rural areas needs to be more researched, causes identified and addressed.
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