Prevalence of Sexually Transmitted Infections and its Associated factors among women living with HIV/AIDS

  • Yasir Alvi Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8601-4440
  • Najam Khalique Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh
  • Anees Ahmad Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh
  • Urfi . Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh
Keywords: STIs/RTIs, Syndromic approach, STD, HIV/AIDS, Women, PLHA

Abstract

Background: Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are significant public health problem in India. Studies have shown a considerably higher prevalence of STIs among females as well as in high-risk groups. Thus, we conducted this study to estimate the prevalence of STIs and to find out its associated factors among women living with HIV/AIDS. Material & Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted at the ART centre, Aligarh. A total of 170 HIV positive women were approached with study tools comprising of pre-structured proforma. NACO STIs Syndromes were used to estimate STIs. Data was analyzed using the SPSS version 20.0, keeping significance at p<0.05. Results: We found the self-reported prevalence of STIs in HIV positive women to be 18.2% (31/170) at the time of interview and 49.4% (84/170) ever since the diagnosis of HIV. Most of the HIV women were presently having vaginal/cervical or urethral discharge syndrome (93.5%) and genital ulcer syndrome (16.1%). STIs were significantly associated with uneducated females and with irregular use of condoms. Conclusion: This study found the prevalence of STIs to be still higher among HIV positive women, in spite of years of targeted interventions reducing it. A proper action and further researches are required to explore and manage variables associating STIs for reducing its prevalence

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Published
2019-09-30
How to Cite
1.
Alvi Y, Khalique N, Ahmad A, . U. Prevalence of Sexually Transmitted Infections and its Associated factors among women living with HIV/AIDS. Indian J Community Health [Internet]. 2019Sep.30 [cited 2019Nov.17];31(3):363 -370. Available from: http://www.iapsmupuk.org/journal/index.php/IJCH/article/view/1097
Section
Original Article