Antenatal care service utilization & factors affecting them in urban area of Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh
Background: Antenatal care is an important determinant of maternal mortality rate and one of the basic components of maternal care on which the life of mothers and babies depends.The level of use of maternal health care services in India is poor. For effective implementation of maternal health care related programs, understanding of the factors affecting the utilization of maternal care services during pregnancy is required. Considering all these facts, it is important to study the maternal health service utilization pattern among the beneficiaries living in urban area of Jabalpur and factors responsible for their under utilization.
Materials and Methods: A prospective study was carried out in urban area of Jabalpur district of MP. Cluster sampling technique was used to select 396 Antenatal females in the 36 selected clusters were interviewed. Information about socio demography and ANC services utilization was recorded.
Results: The study revealed that 50.50% of women were registered within 12 weeks of pregnancy, 58.80% women received four or more antenatal visits, 23.99 % women consumed 100 and more IFA tablets and 96.21% received 2 doses of TT injections. Only 22.72% women had complete ANC service utilization.
Conclusion: Utilization of Ante natal care (ANC) services is poor in the urban areasof Jabalpur districteven though the physical accessibility was adequate. ANC services utilization is significantly associated with level of education of mother, education of husband, occupation of mother, type of family and time of registration of pregnancy.