Prevalence of hypertension and its associated risk factors among subjects attending health camp in Rishikesh, Uttarakhand
Introduction: Hypertension is one of the most important causes of premature death worldwide and the problem is growing; in 2025, an estimated 1.56 billion adults will be living with hypertension. Aim & Objectives: i.To identify the prevalence of hypertension among subjects attending a health screening camp at SPS government hospital, Rishikesh. ii. To identify the risk factors associated with hypertension. Material & Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out among the subjects attending a health screening camp at SPS Government hospital, Rishikesh. The camp was conducted for a period of seven days, from 11th October- 17th October, 2017. All subjects that attended the health camp and were aged 30 years and above were included in the study. An informed written consent was taken from all participants after explaining to them the purpose of the study. A predesigned, pretested, structured questionnaire was used to obtain demographic data, personal and family history of hypertension, behavioural aspects, including, tobacco use, alcohol use and dietary habits. Blood pressure (BP) and anthropometric data was recorded. A total of 207 people attended the health camp, out of which 196 agreed to participate in this study. Results: Out of total of 207 people that attended the camp, 196 consented to participate in the study. In this study, out of 196 subjects 66 (33.7%) were found to be hypertensive. Risk factors like increasing age, family history of hypertension, increased BMI and waist hip ratio, tobacco use, alcohol use and increased blood sugar levels were found to be significantly associated with hypertension. Conclusion: Prevalence of hypertension in Rishikesh was found to be high. Efforts are required for regular screening of blood pressure at the community level to help tackle this iceberg disease.