Andleeb Rizvi, Uday Mohan, Shivendra Kumar Singh, Vijay Kumar Singh


Introduction: Not many studies have been conducted regarding contraceptive practices in the slums of Lucknow. This study will be helpful in the assessing the current scenario of prevalence of contraceptive use and various bio-social characteristics that can affect the contraceptive use by the women residing in urban slums of Lucknow. Objectives: To assess the knowledge of contraceptives and its practices among married women in urban slums of Lucknow district. Methodology: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study. Based on thirty cluster sampling technique, thirty urban slums were selected. Total 600 married women of reproductive age group (15-49 years) were interviewed in the period of one year from August 2010 to August 2011. Data was collected through preformed and pretested schedule and analysis was done using chi squared test and multiple logistic regression through SPSS 17.0 software. Results: It was found that 99.2 percent married women had the knowledge of contraceptives but its use was only 46.7 percent. Most commonly used contraceptive was condom. Among women who had ever used contraceptives, about 56.3 percent women were current users. Fear of side effects/ health concern was the main reason for discontinuing contraceptive use. Conclusions: Though knowledge of contraceptives among women residing in urban slums of Lucknow was good but contraceptive use was far lagging behind.


Urban slums; Contraceptive methods; Cluster sampling; Chi Squared test; multiple logistic regression.

Full Text:



International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS) and Macro International. 2007. National Family Health Survey (NFHS-3), 2005–06: India: Volume I. Mumbai: IIPS.

Devgun P, Gill K P, Kumari R. A Cross Sectional Study to Know the Extent and Pattern of Usage of Family Planning Methods in the Slums of Periurban Amritsar. Indian Journal of Maternal and Child Health. 2011; 13(1): 8.

Kumar S, Priyadarshni A, Kant S, Anand K, Yadav BK. Attitude of Women Towards Family Planning Methods and its Use – Study From a Slum of Delhi. Kathmandu University Medical Journal. 2005; 3(3): 259-262.

Puwar B, Puwar T, Trivedi KN. Study of Fertility Indicators in Slum Area of Ahmedabad City in India. The Internet Journal of Health. 2009; 9(1).

Bhupinder A, Jagjit S, Mohi MK. Reasons for Unmet Needs of Family Planning Among Married Women. Indian Journal of Maternal and Child Health. 2010;

Mishra A, Gupta K. Comparison of the Level of Awareness of Parents towards Family Planning and Vaccination Practices in Selected Slum Area of District Varanasi and Ghazipur. Stud Home Comm Sci. 2010; 4(2): 81-86.

Pal A, Mohan U, Idris M Z, Masood J. Study of Unmet need for family planning in married women of reproductive age group in Lucknow district. Thesis for MD, 2001, K.G.M.U, Lucknow.

Kumar D, Goel NK, Kalia M, Mittal PC, Srivastava P. Working Status of Women and their Fertility Pattern in an Urban Community. The Internet Journal of Health. 2008; 8(1).

International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS), 2010. District Level Household and Facility Survey (DLHS-3), 2007-08: India. Uttar Pradesh: Mumbai: IIPS.

Velankar DH. Knowledge, Attitude and Practices Regarding Contraceptive Methods of Family Planning in an Urban Slum Community of Mumbai. Bombay Hospital Journal. 2009; 51(2).


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

ISSN PRINT: 0971-7587; ISSN ONLINE: 2248-9509 © COPYRIGHT 2011 - 2014.
Visitor from 1st January