Adiposity and hypertension associated risk factors in young (<40 yr) urban industrial men from Pune, India

  • Amol Prakash Mankar
  • Pooja Bhimshankar Gaigaware
  • Shobha Suryaprakash Rao

Abstract

Background: Prevalence of hypertension is not only on the rise in urban population, but its precedence is of concern. Aims & Objective: To identify risk factors associated with hypertension among urban young Indian males. (<40yr).  Material & Methods: Young males (<40yr) working in Hinjewadi industrial area of Pune, Maharashtra were studied (n=254) for anthropometry, blood pressure and diet, lifestyle, and stress at work. Results: Prevalence of overweight was 72.5% and 48.4 % were obese while 38.2% were centrally obese (WC90). Prevalence of hypertension (HTN) was high (25.6%) and showed significant association only with BMI.  Non vegetarian diet was a risk factor (OR-1.94;p<0.05) for overweight while lifestyle factors increased risk for obesity (OR-2.1;p<0.05) as also central obesity (OR-1.91;p<0.05).  Among subjects with high BMI, these factors became non-significant and stress alone showed independent influence on HTN (OR-4.43; p<0.05) indicating that their influence was mediated through adiposity. Conclusion: Promoting good dietary practices, healthy lifestyle and better work environment for reducing obesity and consequent risk of NCDs among young urban males is essential in India.

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Published
2017-09-30
How to Cite
1.
Mankar A, Gaigaware P, Rao S. Adiposity and hypertension associated risk factors in young (&lt;40 yr) urban industrial men from Pune, India. Indian J Community Health [Internet]. 30Sep.2017 [cited 10Dec.2018];29(3):251-7. Available from: http://www.iapsmupuk.org/journal/index.php/IJCH/article/view/756
Section
Original Article