Neuropsychiatric disorders in Rural and Urban areas of district Dehradun

  • Imran Wasfi Khan Swami Rama Himalayan University, Dehradun, Uttarakhand
  • Ruchi Juyal Swami Rama Himalayan University, Dehradun, Uttarakhand
  • Deep Shikha Swami Rama Himalayan University, Dehradun, Uttarakhand
  • Ravi Gupta All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Rishikesh
  • Vidisha Vallabh Swami Rama Himalayan University, Dehradun, Uttarakhand
Keywords: Neuropsychiatric disorders, prevalence, community, rural-urban, Dehradun

Abstract

Background: Neuropsychiatric disorders are quite prevalent in the community and are on the rise due to changing lifestyles and lack of social support. Most of the published data is from hospital, which calls for more community-based studies to measure the actual burden of this menace. Aim & Objective:  To estimate the prevalence of neuropsychiatric disorders in district Dehradun and to find out association of socio-demographic correlates with neuropsychiatric disorders Settings and Design: This community based cross-sectional survey was conducted in selected rural and urban areas of district Dehradun. Methods and Material: Study areas and households were selected by multistage stratified and systematic random samplings respectively. Participants were chosen from the selected households by Kish method. Respondents were screened for neuropsychiatric disorders by using MINI-6. Statistical analysis used: data was entered in SPSS 20.0 version and analysed by using percentages, chi-square test and logistic regression. Results: About one fifth of the respondents had a lifetime diagnosis of at least one neuropsychiatric disorder. Age, male gender, higher education, joint family and upper socio-economic status were found to be significantly associated with neuropsychiatric disorders. Conclusions: Factors determining psychological wellbeing are deeply rooted in socio-demographic environment and individual characteristics. Many of the respondents had one or more lifetime neuropsychiatric disorder and most of them were not diagnosed. More community-based research is required to determine the exact magnitude and responsible factors of neuropsychiatric disorders, so that a focused strategy may be developed to address its preventable aspect

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Published
2018-09-30
How to Cite
1.
Khan I, Juyal R, Shikha D, Gupta R, Vallabh V. Neuropsychiatric disorders in Rural and Urban areas of district Dehradun. Indian J Community Health [Internet]. 30Sep.2018 [cited 20Nov.2018];30(3):247 -252. Available from: http://www.iapsmupuk.org/journal/index.php/IJCH/article/view/902
Section
Original Article