An explorative study of the differences in feeding patterns of children with and without disabilities in a rural community in Karnataka.

  • Ankeeta Menona Jacob K.S. Hegde Medical Academy, Nitte, Nithyananda Nagar, Deralakatte, Mangalore, Karnataka
  • Sreekantaiah Pruthvish National Centre for Disease Informatics and Research, Kannamangala Post Bengaluru
  • Nandakumar Bidare Sastry M. S. Ramaiah Medical College, MSRIT Post, MSR Nagar, Bangalore-560054, Karnataka
  • Radhika Kunnavil M. S. Ramaiah Medical College, MSRIT Post, MSR Nagar, Bangalore-560054, Karnataka
  • Mohanraju Shankarappa National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bengaluru
Keywords: Disabled children, Intellectual disability, Vomiting, Caregivers.

Abstract

Background: Children with disabilities are nutritionally vulnerable due to feeding difficulties associated with disabilities. Aim & Objective: To investigate factors associated with feeding difficulties in children with/without disabilities. Settings and Design: A cross-sectional analytical study was undertaken in the rural field practice area of a medical college in Karnataka. Methods and Material: Data collected on 145 children with disability and 145 neighbors/sibling/ classmates of the child using a pretested semi-structured questionnaire was analyzed using SPSS 20.0 Statistical analysis: Difficulties faced by feeding children with/without disabilities were expressed in percentages. Chi-square test was used to determine the association between feeding time, challenges encountered, and need for assistance p (<0.05). Results: The mothers mostly assisted feeding. Significant differences in need for support among children with disabilities 19 (13.5%) and without disabilities 3(2.1%) during meals and time taken to feed were seen. The most common difficulty was the improper position 13(9.0%) among children with disabilities. Conclusions: Mother is the significant person involved in feeding children with & without disabilities. Help in feeding, improper position of the child, vomiting tendency while feeding was more common with children with disabilities than without disabilities.

Disabled children, Intellectual disability, Vomiting, Caregivers.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Published
2019-06-30
How to Cite
1.
Jacob AM, Pruthvish S, Sastry NB, Kunnavil R, Shankarappa M. An explorative study of the differences in feeding patterns of children with and without disabilities in a rural community in Karnataka. Indian J Community Health [Internet]. 2019Jun.30 [cited 2020Aug.5];31(2):248 -252. Available from: https://www.iapsmupuk.org/journal/index.php/IJCH/article/view/1101
Section
Short Article