COVID-19 in occupational settings: lessons from 100 years ago and addressing the disease today

Published

2020-04-20

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47203/IJCH.2020.v32i02SUPP.016

Keywords:

COVID-19, Occupational Settings, Pandemic, Prevention

Dimensions Badge

Issue

Section

Commentary

Authors

Abstract

COVID-19 is a disease caused by the novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2). On January 30th, 2020 the outbreak of Novel Coronavirus 2019 was declared a Public Health Emergency of International Concern by the World Health Organization. COVID-19 was declared a pandemic on the 11th of March 2020. The virus spreads from person to person through close contact, touching contaminated surfaces and then touching the eyes, nose or mouth. Preventive measures are taken at all workplaces to stop the spread of COVID-19. Social distancing, regular hand washing with soap and water for 20 seconds, use of alcohol- based hand sanitizer and cough etiquette must be practiced at all times. Hospitals, schools, colleges, hospitality, apparel and manufacturing industries now practice hand hygiene, social distancing, regular disinfection of contaminated surfaces, staggered work shifts, correct use of face mask if mild symptoms develop and shutting down of establishments as per instructions of the local health authorities. COVID-19 is already affecting tens of millions of informal workers all around the world. India has a share of almost 90 percent of working people which amount to 400 million workers in the informal economy, who are at the risk of falling into poverty during this crisis. The current lock down measures in India have affected these workers, compelling them to return to rural areas. Poverty along with the spread of the COVID-19 would further worsen the situation. Without dwelling on the healthcare setting, this paper discusses various preventive measures to be implemented in three different sectors. These interventions can be adapted to others as well, to stop the transmission of COVID-19.

How to Cite

1.
Joseph B, Kallumkal MG. COVID-19 in occupational settings: lessons from 100 years ago and addressing the disease today. Indian J Community Health [Internet]. 2020 Apr. 20 [cited 2022 Oct. 3];32(2 (Supp):255-60. Available from: https://www.iapsmupuk.org/journal/index.php/IJCH/article/view/1458

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

who.int [internet]World Health Organization [cited 2020 Apr 13]. Available from: https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/events-as-they-happen

BBC Future[internet]British Broadcasting Corporation-Coronavirus-What can we learn from the Spanish Flu [cited 2020 Apr 13]. Available from: https://www.bbc.com/future/article/20200302-coronavirus-what-can-we-learn-from-the-spanish-flu

Taubenberger JK, Morens DM. 19128 Infuenza: The Mother of All Pandemics. DOI: 10.3201/eid1201.050979 [Preprint]. [cited 2020 Apr 13]Available from: https://www.medigraphic.com/pdfs/revbio/bio-2006/bio061i.pdf

Deemagclinic[internet]Evidence-based answers to questions that doctors commonly ask about COVID19[cited 2020 Apr 13]. Available from:https://deemagclinic.wordpress.com/2020/03/27/q-and-a/

Martini M, Gazzaniga V, Bragazzi NL, Barberis. The Spanish Influenza Pandemic: a lesson from history 100 years after 1918. J Prev Med Hyg. 2019;60(1):E64. DOI: 10.15167/2421-4248/jpmh2019.60.1.1205[cited 2020 Apr 11]. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6477554/

The 1918 Influenza Pandemic: Responses[internet].[cited 2020 Apr 13]. Available from: https://virus.stanford.edu/uda/fluresponse.html

who.int[internet]World Health Organization-Getting your workplace ready for COVID-19 [cited 2020 Apr 13]. Available from: https://www.who.int/docs/default-source/coronaviruse/advice-for-workplace-clean-19-03-2020.pdf

cdc.gov[internet] ] Centre For Disease Control and Prevention-Prevent getting Sick [cited 2020 Apr 13 ] Available from:https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/prevent-getting-sick/social-distancing.html

economictimes.indiatimes.com[Internet]. The Economic Times:COVID-19: Hotel chains enforce precautionary measures, issue safety, hygiene advisories [cited 2020 Apr 13]. Available from: https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/industry/services/hotels-/-restaurants/covid-19-hotel-chains-enforce-precautionary-measures-issue-safety-hygiene-advisories/articleshow

kpmg.in[internet].Potential effect of COVID-19 on the Indian Economy [cited 2020 Apr 13] Available from:https://home.kpmg/in/en/home/insights/2020/03/the-business-implications-of-coronavirus.html

safeworkaustralia.gov.au.in[internet] Agriculture: Minimising the risk from COVID-19[cited 2020 Apr 13] Available from: https://www.safeworkaustralia.gov.au/covid-19-information-workplaces/preparing-workplaces-covid-19/agriculture-minimising-risk-covid-19

cdc.gov [Internet] Centre For Disease Control and Prevention - Preventing Spread of Disease on Commercial Aircraft: Guidance for Cabin Crew [cited 2020 Apr 13]. Available from: https://www.cdc.gov/quarantine/air/managing-sick-travelers/commercial-aircraft/infection-control-cabin-crew.html

betterwork.org[Internet]COVID 19: Fighting the crisis together in Bangladesh[cited 2020 Apr 13]Available From: https://betterwork.org/2020/03/31/covid-19-fighting-the-crisis-together-in-bangladesh-

cdc.gov [Internet] Centre For Disease Control and Prevention - Talking with children about Coronavirus Disease 2019[cited 2020 Apr 13] Available From:https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/daily-life-coping/talking-with-children.html

cdc.gov [Internet] Centre For Disease Control and Prevention - COVID-19: Guidance for School Settings[cited 2020 Apr 13] Available From: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/community/schools-childcare/index.html

cdc.gov [Internet] Centre For Disease Control and Prevention - Interim Guidance for Administrators of U . S . Institutions of Higher Education[cited 2020 Apr 13] Available From: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/community/colleges-universities/index.html

Erin P. Fraher, Patricia Pittman, Bianca K. Frogner, Joanne Spetz, Jean Moore, Dr.P.H., Angela J. Beck et al. Ensuring and Sustaining a Pandemic Workforce. New England Journal of Medicine. 2020; Apr:1–3.Available from: https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/ NEJMp2006376 DOI: 10.1056/NEJMp2006376

John M Barry. Pandemics: Avoiding the mistakes of 1918. [Essay].Vol. 459, Nature. Nature Publishing Group.Available from: https://www.nature.com/articles/459324a

ilo.org[internet] International Labour Organization – ILO Monitor 2nd Edition: COVID-19 and the world of work[cited 2020 Apr 13] Available From: https://www.ilo.org/global/about-the-ilo/newsroom/news/WCMS_741358/lang--en/index.html