Prevalence and predictors of undernutrition among under -5 children in slum of Gwalior city





Key Words: Undernutrition, children, slum, births, Gwalior.

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Original Article



Background: Under-nutrition in young children has long-term negative effects on physical and cognitive development. Under nutrition problems are affecting overall development of the country. Aim and Objectives: This study was undertaken to assess the prevalence and to examine predictors of undernutrition among children of less than 5 years of age in urban slum of Gwalior district. Materials and Methods: A community based cross sectional study was conducted on 550 children with age group 6 months to 5 years residing in urban slum. Chi square test and logistic regression were performed to see association and to predict risk factors. Results: Undernutrition was prevalent among 68% children. Unreserved category(UR) was found to be at lesser risk as compared to SC/ST (OR: 0.238 ;CI : 0.133-0.423).Nuclear families had more risk for undernutrition as compared to Joint families (OR:1.947;CI: 1.352-2.803),Illiterate mothers showed more risk (OR:5.696 ,CI:2.791-11.625) ,Similar results were obtained for illiterate fathers (OR: 3.950; CI:1.868-8.353) as compared to fathers having qualification of at least graduation. Females with one parity were protective for undernutrition (OR: 0.411; CI: 0.182-0.928).Low birth weight (OR: 1.996; CI: 1.332-2.991) and total member in family also played a significant role. Conclusion: Poverty and education predispose undernutrition in slum children. There is a need to undertake intervention through community education regarding breastfeeding, ANC, birth spacing and to adopt practices that favour good nutrition of child.

How to Cite

Gupta R, Shukla D, Mishra A, Bansal M, Mungi S. Prevalence and predictors of undernutrition among under -5 children in slum of Gwalior city. Indian J Community Health [Internet]. 2020 Sep. 30 [cited 2023 Feb. 3];32(3):540-7. Available from:


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