Prevalence of needle stick injuries, its associated factors and awareness among nursing staff at tertiary care hospital of North India
Keywords:Awareness, Exposures, Needle Stick Injuries, Nursing Staff, Percutaneous
Background: Needle Stick Injuries (NSIs) are defined as accidental skin penetrating injuries caused by needles. It is the single greatest occupational hazard to a medical personnel. In developing countries, needle stick injury is associated with the highest global prevalence of HIV, Hepatitis B, and Hepatitis C. Aim & Objectives: To estimate the prevalence of needle stick injuries, its associated risk factors and assess the awareness regarding needle stick injuries among nursing staff. Material & Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among nursing staff who were working at a tertiary care hospital in Northern India during June 2019 to November 2019. The study commenced after taking prior approval from institutional ethics committee. A census method was used to include the participants. Results: Around 66.7% of the nursing staff was exposed to NSIs during their working hours at the hospital. There was significant association of needle stick injuries with place of working and education of nursing staff in multivariate binary logistic regression. About 26% of the nurses were unaware that recapping should be done or not for used needle, and 35% of staff nurses recapped the needle after the use. Conclusion: Needle stick injuries can be prevented by continued education, effective training, providing better safety devices, a positive work environment.
Hashmi A, Al Reesh SA, Indah L. Prevalence of needle-stick and sharps injuries among healthcare workers, Najran, Saudi Arabia. Epidemiology. 2012;2(2):117.
Kelen GD, Fritz SF, Qaqish B. Unrecognized HIV infection in emergency department patients. N Engl J Med. 1998;38:1645-50.
Tadesse M, Meskele M, Tadesse AB. Needle-stick and sharps injuries among health care workers in Wolaita Zone, Southern Ethiopia. Med Saf Glob Health. 2016;5(2):130-7. doi: 10.4172/2574-0407/1000130
Au E, Gossage JA, Bailey SR. The reporting of needle stick injuries sustained in theatre by surgeons. J Hosp Infect. 2008; 70:66 70.
Lee JM, Botteman MF, Xanthakos N, Nicklasson L. Needlestick injuries in the United States. Epidemiologic, economic, and quality of life issues. AAOHN J. 2005;53(3):117-33. PMID: 15789967.
Bagdey PR, Humne AR, Wankhede SO, Dhanorkar AB. Needle stick injuries among staff nurses in a tertiary care hospital of central India. Asian Pacific J Heal Sci. 2014;1(3):149-54.
Shoghli AR, Mousavi N, Ghorchian F, Masoumi H, Momtazi S. Study of the needle sticks injury (NSI) among the Zanjan educational hospitals staff. J Adv Med Biomed Res. 2013;21(85):131-41.
Jagger J, Hunt EH, Brand-Elnaggar J, Pearson RD. Rates of needle-stick injury caused by various devices in a university hospital. N Engl J Med. 1988;319(5):284-8. doi: 10.1056/NEJM198808043190506. PMID: 3393183.
Goel V, Kumar D, Lingaiah R, Singh S. Occurrence of Needlestick and Injuries among Health-care Workers of a Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital in North India. J Lab Physicians. 2017;9(1):20-25. doi:10.4103/0974-2727.187917
Bhattacharya A, Basu M, Das P. The pattern of needle sticks injury among health care workers at West Bengal. Muller Journal of Medical Sciences and Research. 2014; 5(1):29-37.
Sharma R, Rasania SK, Verma A, Singh S. Study of prevalence and response to needle stick injuries among health care workers in a tertiary care hospital in Delhi, India. Indian Journal of Community Medicine. 2010;35(1):74-82.
Radha R, Khan A. Epidemiology of Needle Sticks Injuries Among The Health Care Workers of A Rural Tertiary Care Hospital-A CrossSectional Study. Natl J Community Med 2012; 3(4):589-94.
Kermode M, Jolley D, Langkham B, Thomas MS, Crofts N. Occupational exposure to blood and risk of bloodborne virus infection among health care workers in rural north Indian health care settings. Am J Infect Control. 2005;33(1):34-41. doi: 10.1016/j.ajic.2004.07.015. PMID: 15685133.
Sultana A, Kulsoom A, Iqbal R. Needle stick/sharps injuries in health care workers. J Rawalpindi Med Coll. 2014;18(1):133-135.
Ebrahimi H, Khosravi A. Needlestick Injuries among Nurses. J Res Health Sci. 2007;7(2):56-62. PMID: 23343925
Singru SA, Banerjee A. Occupational exposures to blood and body fluids among health care workers in a teaching hospital in Mumbai, India. Indian Journal of Community Medicine. 2008; 33(1):26-30.
Rajesh J, Thamizhmaran SP. A cross sectional study on needle stick injuries, its associated factors and prophylactic measures among nursing staffs and students of a tertiary care hospital in Chennai. Int J Pub Health Res. 2019; 6(2): 41-52.
Rais N, Jamil HM. Prevalence of needle stick injuries among the health care providers. Int J Endor Health Sci Res. 2013;1(2): 73-79.
Saxena S, Gupta D, Agrawal VK, Singh M, Mishra S. Study of knowledge, attitude, and practice of needle stick injury among nurses in a tertiary care hospital. Int J Community Med Public Health. 2019; 6(2):865-869.
Salelkar S, Motghare DD, Kulkarni MS, Vaz FS. Study of needle stick injuries among health care workers at a tertiary care hospital. Indian Journal of Public Health. 2010;54(1):18
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 Indian Journal of Community Health
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.