A study on Instinctive Feelings, Perceived Stressors and Factors that helped in reducing Stress during COVID 19 pandemic among Health Care Workers





COVID 19, Emotional Stress, Heath Care Worker, Pandemic, Positive Attitude


Background: Healthcare workers at the forefront of the battle against COVID 19 are not only putting their own health and lives at risk but are also fighting to keep their own worries and emotional stress at bay. Aim & Objective: To evaluate emotions, perceived stressors, and factors that helped in reducing stress of healthcare workers who worked during a COVID19 pandemic. Settings and Design: This cross sectional study was conducted among Health Care staff involved in COVID 19 duty in tertiary care hospital of Gujarat. Methods and Material: Google form link was shared though what’s up and mail. The questionnaire was completed online. Consent for voluntarily participation was also obtained through online Google form. Statistical analysis used: Data was entered and analysed through Microsoft Excel 2010. Results: Total 106 participants responded to the questionnaire. It was extremely stressful for health care workers to see their colleagues getting infection, as well as the fear that they could transmit the disease to their families or friends. Main factors that helped to reduce the stress were positive attitude from colleagues, improvement of patients conditions and availability of protective equipment. Conclusions: Personal safety, the protection of family members and unpredictability of pandemic were the main concerns. Hospitals should prioritise stress monitoring for health care workers and provide targeted psychological guidance for HCWs during the pandemic.


Download data is not yet available.


Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Basics of COVID-19. Available from https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/your-health/about-covid-19/basics-covid-19.html [Accessed 15/12/2022].

World Health Organization.Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic. Available from https://www.euro.who.int/en/health-topics/health-emergencies/coronavirus-covid-19/novel-coronavirus-2019-ncov [Accessed 15/12/2022].

Zimmer C. The Secret Life of a Coronavirus–An oily, 100-nanometer-wide bubble of genes has killed more than two million people and reshaped the world. Scientists don’t quite know what to make of it. Scientists don’t quite know what to make of it. Retrieved 298 Feb 2021.

Coronavirus cases: Worldometer. (n.d.). Avaiolable from https://www.worldometers.info/coronavirus/ [Accessed 15/12/2022].

Khalid I, Khalid TJ, Qabajah MR, Barnard AG, Qushmaq IA. Healthcare workers emotions, perceived stressors and coping strategies during a MERS-CoV outbreak. Clin Med Res 2016;14(1)7-14.

Huang Y, He M, Li A, Lin Y, Zhang X, Wu K. Personality, behavior characteristics, and life quality impact of children with dyslexia. Int J Environ Res Public Heal 2020;17(4)1415.

Lin CY, Peng YC, Wu YH, Chang J, Chan CH, Yang DY. The psychological effect of severe acute respiratory syndrome on emergency department staff. Emerg Med Journal 2007 Jan 1;24(1)12-7.

Lehmann M, Bruenahl CA, Löwe B, Addo MM, Schmiedel S, Lohse AW, Schramm C. Ebola and psychological stress of health care professionals. Emerg Infect Dis 2015;21913–914.

Lee SH, Juang YY, Su YJ, Lee HL, Lin YH, Chao CC. Facing SARS: psychological impacts on SARS team nurses and psychiatric services in a Taiwan general hospital. Gen Hosp Psychiatry 2005;27352–8.

Batra K, Singh TP, Sharma M, Batra R, Schvaneveldt N. Investigating the psychological impact of COVID-19 among healthcare workers: a meta-analysis. Int J Environ Res public Heal 2020;17(23)9096.

Cai Z, Zheng S, Huang Y, Zhang X, Qiu Z, Huang A, Wu K. Emotional and cognitive responses and behavioral coping of Chinese medical workers and general population during the pandemic of COVID-19. Int J Environ Res Public Heal 2020;17(17)6198.

McAlonan GM, Lee AM, Cheung V, Cheung C, Tsang KW, Sham PC, Chua SE, Wong JG. Immediate and sustained psychological impact of an emerging infectious disease outbreak on health care workers. Can J Psychiatry 2007;52(4)241-7.

Nickell LA, Crighton EJ, Tracy CS, Al-Enazy H, Bolaji Y, Hanjrah S, Hussain A, Makhlouf S, Upshur RE. Psychosocial effects of SARS on hospital staff: survey of a large tertiary care institution. C 2004 Mar 2;170(5)793-8.

Rose S, Hartnett J, Pillai S. Healthcare worker’s emotions, perceived stressors and coping mechanisms during the COVID-19 pandemic. Plos one 2021;16(7)e0254252.

Alnazly E, Khraisat OM, Al-Bashaireh AM, Bryant CL. Anxiety, depression, stress, fear and social support during COVID-19 pandemic among Jordanian healthcare workers. Plos one 2021;16(3)e0247679.

Sick IY. Older Adults at greater risk of requiring hospitalization or dying if diagnosed with COVID-19. Centers Dis Control Prev [Internet]. Available from: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/needextra-%0Aprecautions/older-adults.htm

Man MA, Toma C, Motoc NS, Necrelescu OL, Bondor CI, Chis AF, Lesan A, Pop CM, Todea DA, Dantes E, Puiu R. Disease perception and coping with emotional distress during COVID-19 pandemic: a survey among medical staff. Int J Environ Res public Heal 2020;17(13)4899.

Huang L, Lei W, Xu F, Liu H, Yu L. Emotional responses and coping strategies in nurses and nursing students during Covid-19 outbreak: A comparative study. PloS one 2020;15(8)e0237303.

Klein J, Frie KG, Blum K, von dem Knesebeck O. Psychosocial stress at work and perceived quality of care among clinicians in surgery. BMC Health services research. 2011;11(1):1-8.

Faye O, Boëlle PY, Heleze E, Faye O, Loucoubar C, Magassouba NF, Soropogui B, Keita S, Gakou T, Koivogui L, Sall AA. Chains of transmission and control of Ebola virus disease in Conakry, Guinea, in 2014: an observational study. The Lancet Infectious Diseases. 2015;15(3):320-6.




How to Cite

Chaudhari A, Solanki N, Sharma P, Patel P. A study on Instinctive Feelings, Perceived Stressors and Factors that helped in reducing Stress during COVID 19 pandemic among Health Care Workers. Indian J Community Health [Internet]. 2022 Dec. 31 [cited 2023 Dec. 10];34(4):560-4. Available from: https://www.iapsmupuk.org/journal/index.php/IJCH/article/view/2396



Original Article