The Burden and Risk Factors of Reproductive Tract Infections among Married Women Aged 15-49 Years in Urban Slum of Agra Uttar Pradesh


  • Aradhana Yadav Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi Memorial Medical College, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India
  • Shailendra S Chaudhary R.D.M.C. Banda Medical college, Uttar Pradesh, India
  • Manisha M Nagargoje S.N Medical College, Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India



Humans, Female, Prevalence, Cross-Sectional Studies, Poverty Areas, Developing Countries, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Vaginal Discharge, Reproductive Tract Infections, Social Class, Religion, World Health Organization


Introduction: In developing countries, reproductive tract infection among women commonly goes undiagnosed and their sequel causes various complications.

Objectives: To find out the prevalence of RTI/STI through a syndromic case approach and its correlates among women of reproductive age group.

Material and Methods: A community-based cross-sectional study was carried out among 500 eligible married women residing in urban slums of Agra by using WHO Syndromic case approch for diagnosis of RTIs/STIs.

Results: The overall prevalence of RTI/STD was found to be 32.80% where vaginal discharge (22.60%) and lower abdominal pain (8.20%) were the most common syndromes. On multivariate analysis, religion, caste, type of absorbent used during menses, and history of IUD use were found to be significantly significant.

Conclusion: The result of this study highlights the high prevalence and potential risk factors that contribute to the occurrence of RTI. It also emphasizes the need of training and education session of the participants to identify the early symptoms of RTI.


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How to Cite

Yadav A, Chaudhary SS, Nagargoje MM. The Burden and Risk Factors of Reproductive Tract Infections among Married Women Aged 15-49 Years in Urban Slum of Agra Uttar Pradesh. Indian J Community Health [Internet]. 2023 Jun. 30 [cited 2024 Jul. 12];35(2):159-64. Available from:



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