AN INSTITUTIONAL STUDY OF ANTHROPOMETRIC SURROGATES FOR BIRTH WEIGHT

Published

2012-09-30

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Original Article

Authors

  • M Nagargoje
  • S S Chaudhary
  • J S Deshmukh
  • S K Misra

Abstract

Background: Various anthropometric parameters have been studied so far to find the best possible surrogate of birth weight. Material & Methods: The present study was done among 430 babies with a normal birth weight and 430 babies with a low birth weight born at IGGMC, Nagpur during June 2007 to December 2009. Result: Mean birth weight of all newborns was 2.49 kg (±0.37) while their mean length was 45.62 cms (±3.32), mean head circumference (HC) was 33.79 cms (±1.63), mean mid arm circumference (MAC) was 9.91 cms (±0.96), mean chest circumference (CC) was 31.30 cms (±1.49), mean thigh circumference (TC) was 14.92 cms(±1.53) and mean calf circumference (CaC) was 9.98 cms (±0.88). Highest degree of correlation was found between birth weight & length (r=0.95) followed by HC (r=0.94). The cut off value for identifying LBW was 45.7 cm, 33.8 cm, 9.9 cm, 31.3 cm, 14.9 cm & 10 cm for length, HC, MAC, ChC, TC &CaC respectively. CaC with a cut off value of 10 cm was found to be the best suitable parameter for predicting LBW with 95.58% sensitivity & 92.32% specificity. HC on the other hand, though have a sensitivity of 96.74% for predicting LBW but its specificity of 83.25% was too low to make it best suitable anthropometric surrogate of low birth weight. Conclusion: Calf circumference with 10 cms of cutoff was found to be the most valid anthropometric surrogate for predicting low birth weight.

How to Cite

1.
Nagargoje M, Chaudhary SS, Deshmukh JS, Misra SK. AN INSTITUTIONAL STUDY OF ANTHROPOMETRIC SURROGATES FOR BIRTH WEIGHT. Indian J Community Health [Internet]. 2012 Sep. 30 [cited 2023 Jan. 29];24(3):215-21. Available from: https://www.iapsmupuk.org/journal/index.php/IJCH/article/view/253

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