Role of Dietary Management and Physical Activity in Control of Hypertension in Rural Areas of Punjab-A Cross-sectional Study

Authors

  • Harjot Singh Sri Guru Ram Das Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Vallah, Punjab, India
  • Priyanka Devgun Sri Guru Ram Das Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Vallah, Punjab, India https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6160-6482
  • Manisha Nagpal Sri Guru Ram Das Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Vallah, Punjab, India
  • Paramjot Bindra Sri Guru Ram Das Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Vallah, Punjab, India
  • Mansimar Kaur Sri Guru Ram Das Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Vallah, Punjab, India
  • Amarveer Mehta FH Medical College, Satauli, Uttar Pradesh, India

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47203/IJCH.2023.v35i02.012

Keywords:

Humans, Male, Female, Aged, Cross-Sectional Studies, Sodium Chloride, Dietary, Life Style, Hypertension, Surveys and Questionnaires, Demography, World Health Organization

Abstract

Introduction: As reported by WHO, hypertension is the third ‘killer’ disease, accounting for one in every eight deaths worldwide.

Many modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors are found to be associated with the disease.

The present study aims to determine the role of dietary management and physical activity in the control of hypertension in a given population.

Material and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted that. Study included all hypertensive patients (290) from the field practice area of a tertiary care institute. A self-constructed, pretested questionnaire was used to enquire about the socio- demographic factors and other risk factors associated with hypertension. The data was analyzed using SPSS 23 and valid conclusions were drawn by using the chi-square test.

Results: Out of 290 patients, 204 (70.3%) were females and 86 (29.7%) were males. Univariate analysis identified decreased salt intake, decreased fatty food consumption, physical activity, stress management, and spiritual help as highly significant factors affecting hypertension. On multivariate analysis, physical activity, stress management and spiritual help were found to be significant.

Conclusion: The study showed that physical activity, stress management and spiritual help were significantly associated with hypertension control among the elderly. Measures should be taken to create awareness about lifestyle modifications in the control of hypertension.

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Published

2023-06-30

How to Cite

1.
Singh H, Devgun P, Nagpal M, Bindra P, Kaur M, Mehta A. Role of Dietary Management and Physical Activity in Control of Hypertension in Rural Areas of Punjab-A Cross-sectional Study. Indian J Community Health [Internet]. 2023 Jun. 30 [cited 2024 Jul. 24];35(2):199-204. Available from: https://www.iapsmupuk.org/journal/index.php/IJCH/article/view/2546

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Original Article