Screening of Non-Communicable Diseases and their Risk Factors among Tuberculosis Patients in Delhi: A Mix Method Study

Authors

  • Gurmeet Kaur Army College of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, Delhi, India
  • Kritika Army College of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, Delhi, India
  • Vivek K Thakur Army College of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, Delhi, India

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47203/IJCH.2023.v35i02.015

Keywords:

Diabetes, DOTS Centre, Hypertension, National Tuberculosis Elimination Program (NTEP), Pulmonary TB

Abstract

Background: India has the highest burden of tuberculosis in the world. It is experiencing an increasing burden of noncommunicable
diseases, thereby facing a dual disease burden. Recent evidence shows an association between TB and noncommunicable diseases like diabetes, CVD and chronic respiratory infections.
Aims and Objectives: To assess the feasibility of screening for NCDs and risk factors for NCDs among patients with TB in DOTS centers of a medical college in Delhi and ascertain challenges for the same among providers and patients.
Methodology: It was a mixed-methods study with a quantitative component (cross-sectional study using questionnaires, anthropometric measurements and records review) and a qualitative component (descriptive study using interview data).
Results: Among the 139 patients screened, ten new cases of hypertension and six new patients were diagnosed with DM. Outof- pocket expenditure for tests was a concern of the patients. Health care providers found the screening tool easy to use but were apprehensive about increased workload
Conclusion: The study provide useful visions for incorporating NCDs into routine TB care through DOTS centers under RNTCP/NTEP.

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Published

2023-06-30

How to Cite

1.
Kaur G, Kritika, Thakur VK. Screening of Non-Communicable Diseases and their Risk Factors among Tuberculosis Patients in Delhi: A Mix Method Study. Indian J Community Health [Internet]. 2023 Jun. 30 [cited 2024 Jul. 24];35(2):215-21. Available from: https://www.iapsmupuk.org/journal/index.php/IJCH/article/view/2597

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