A perspective on how to improve the quality of life of elderly people living in rural areas

Authors

  • Ruchita Ramesh Khandre Bharatratna Atalbihari Vajpayee Medical College, Pune, Maharashtra https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2810-5918
  • Abhishek Raut Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Kasturba Health Society, Sevagram, Wardha, Maharashtra
  • Subodh Gupta Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Kasturba Health Society, Sevagram, Wardha, Maharashtra

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47203/IJCH.2024.v36i01.018

Keywords:

Pile Sorting, Free Listing, Elderly, Quality of Life, Rural

Abstract

Introduction: We are going to witness the demographic shift with the predictable trends of population ageing and thus need to understand healthy ageing. This study was aimed to understand factors that influence the quality of life (QOL) of the elderly. Methods: This was a qualitative study conducted in 4 selected villages including males and females of age group > 60 years of age. 20 elderly individuals and 10 elderly individuals were chosen for a free listing and pile sorting exercise respectively. Smith's index was calculated for a free listing. Multidimensional scaling and cluster analysis were conducted to do pile sorting of data. Data were analyzed using Flame v1.2 and Anthropac. Result: During free-listing, 54 salient items were identified. Financial stability, healthy living, self-sufficiency, and work engagement were the most frequent responses that came from the study subjects. 25 salient items that were repeated in the free-listing exercise were included for the pile-sorting. The piles generated ranged from 3-12. Later, 25 perceived items (factors) for improving quality of life were clustered into 5 groups (Role of harmonious family, healthy ageing, daily schedule activity, leisure time and external support). Conclusion: The elderly recognized that a harmonious family, healthy ageing, daily schedule with leisure activity, and Government support can all improve their quality of life.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

WHO (Internet). Geneva: World Health Organization; World report And Ageing on Health. 2015. Available from: http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/186463/9789240694811_eng.pdf

National Statistical Office, Ministry of Statistics & Programme Implementation, Government of India. Elderly in India [Internet]. 2021 [Accessed on 2024 Feb 20]. Available from: https://mospi.gov.in/web/mospi/reports-publications .

Heinänen E. Population aging and public economy in OECD countries Jyväskylä University School of Business and Economics Master ’ s Thesis. Jyväskylä University:JYX ; 2020:24.

Anne S. Health and well being for older people. 1st ed. UK:Elsevier; 2002:11-49.

Siegler EL, Lama SD, Knight MG, Laureano E, Reid MC. Community-Based Supports and Services for Older Adults: A Primer for Clinicians. J Geriatr (Internet). 2015;2015:1–6.

Keddem S, Barg FK, Frasso R. Practical Guidance for Studies Using Freelisting Interviews. Prev Chronic Dis. 2021;18:E04..

Quinlan MB. Handbook of Research Methods in Health Social Sciences. 1st ed. Singapore. Handb Res Methods Heal Soc Sci. 2017.

Yeh HW, Gajewski BJ, Perdue DG, Cully A, Cully L, Greiner KA, Choi WS, Daley CM. Sorting it Out: Pile Sorting as a Mixed Methodology for Exploring Barriers to Cancer Screening. Qual Quant (Internet). NIH Public Access; 2014;48(5):2569.

Pennec F, Wencelius J, Garine E, Raimond C, Bohbot H. Flame v1.2 (Internet). Researchgate Access; 2016. Available from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/299398564_Flame_v12 .

Henderson N. Guide for Using Anthropac (Internet). Researchgate Access; 2017 Available from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/315093564_Guide_for_Using_Anthropac

Horne LR, De Urioste-Stone S, Daigle J, Noblet C. Using pile sorts to understand perceptions of climate change. 2018; Available from: www.witpress.com,

Multidimensional Scaling (Internet).. Available from: http://www.analytictech.com/networks/mds.htm

Teli A, Harakuni S, Kamat C. Quantitative and qualitative evaluation of perception of medical faculty toward competency-based medical education for undergraduate curriculum. BLDE Univ J Heal Sci (Internet). Medknow Publications and Media Pvt. Ltd.; 2021;6(2):143.

Pahor M, Guralnik JM, Ambrosius WT, Blair S, Bonds DE, Church TS, Espeland MA, Fielding RA, Gill TM, Groessl EJ, King AC, Kritchevsky SB, Manini TM, McDermott MM, Miller ME, Newman AB, Rejeski WJ, Sink KM, Williamson JD. Effect of structured physical activity on prevention of major mobility disability in older adults: The LIFE study randomized clinical trial. Jama. 2014;311(23):2387–2396.

Society I of M (US) and NRC (US) C on an A. Social and Physical Environments for the Vulnerable Aged. National Academies Press (US); 1988; Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK219342/

Abdi S, Spann A, Borilovic J, De Witte L, Hawley M. Understanding the care and support needs of older people: A scoping review and categorisation using the WHO international classification of functioning, disability and health framework (ICF). BMC Geriatr (Internet). BioMed Central Ltd.; 2019;19(1):1–15.

Hudakova A, Hornakova A. Mobility and quality of life in elderly and geriatric patients. Int J Nurs Midwifery. 2011;3(7):81–85.

Kar B. Factors affecting quality of life of older persons – a qualitative study from Bhubaneswar, India. J Geriatr Care Res. 2017;4(2):47–54.

Netuveli G, Blane D. Quality of life in older ages.; Available from: https://academic.oup.com/bmb/article/85/1/113/291398

Bowling A, Gabriel Z, Dykes J, Dowding LM, Evans O, Fleissig A, Banister D, Sutton S. Let’s ask them: A national survey of definitions of quality of life and its enhancement among people aged 65 and over. Int J Aging Hum Dev. 2003;56(4):269–306.

Downloads

Published

2024-02-29

How to Cite

1.
Khandre RR, Raut A, Gupta S. A perspective on how to improve the quality of life of elderly people living in rural areas. Indian J Community Health [Internet]. 2024 Feb. 29 [cited 2024 Jul. 24];36(1):107-13. Available from: https://www.iapsmupuk.org/journal/index.php/IJCH/article/view/2636

Issue

Section

Original Article