Awareness, perception and practices regarding Breast-Feeding and IYCF Practices among mothers of Children Up to 2 Years in Two Districts of Central India: A Cross-Sectional Study




IYCF, Breast-feeding, Complementary feed


Background: Breastfeeding is an absolute necessary intervention for childhood survival. WHO/UNICEF have given utmost emphasis on first 1000 days of life comprising of 270 days in-utero and the first two years post birth as most vital period for nutritional interventions. [1] Infant and Young Child Feeding (IYCF) is a set of renowned and usual recommendations for appropriate feeding of new-born and children below two years of age. Aims & Objectives: To assess the awareness, perception and practices, regarding breast-feeding and IYCF practices among mothers of children up to 2 years, in two districts of Central India. Settings and Design: Cross Sectional Study. Materials and Methods: This Cross-sectional study was carried out in two districts of Central India from January 2021 to December 2021. The study subjects included 400 mothers of babies less than two years old, who had given consent.  Interpersonal interview using a pre-designed semi-structured questionnaire was carried out. Data was collected, compiled and analysed using SPSS 25.0 (Trial Version). Result: Only (58.60%) of respondents were completely knowledgeable about exclusive breastfeeding, the value of colostrum feeding, the advantages of breastfeeding (81.69%), and its early onset (64.75%), duration (71.25%), and frequency (74.50%). However, 50.25% of women lacked understanding about the ideal positioning and attachment of the infant to the breast. Conclusion: All beneficiaries should be shown demonstrations of all IYCF practices. Family members should also be counselled and encouraged to support IYCF practices.


Download data is not yet available.


Infant and Young Child Feeding Guidelines, 2016 - Indian pediatrics . Available at: (Accessed: Apr 24, 2024).

Home | Ministry of Health and Family Welfare | Goi (no date). Available at: (Accessed: Apr 24, 2024).

Jones AD, Ickes SB, Smith LE, Mbuya MN, Chasekwa B, Heidkamp RA, Menon P, Zongrone AA, Stoltzfus RJ. W orld H ealth O rganization infant and young child feeding indicators and their associations with child anthropometry: a synthesis of recent findings. Maternal & child nutrition. 2014;10(1):1-7.

Biks GA Tariku A, Wassie MM, Derso T. Mother’s Infant and Young Child Feeding (IYCF) knowledge improved timely initiation of complementary feeding of children aged 6–24 months in the rural population of northwest Ethiopia. BMC research notes. 2018;11(1):1-7.

Sinhababu A, Mukhopadhyay DK, Panja TK, Saren AB, Mandal NK, Biswas AB. Infant-and young child-feeding practices in Bankura district, West Bengal, India. Journal of health, population, and nutrition. 2010;28(3):294.

Li R, Fein SB, Grummer-Strawn LM. Association of breastfeeding intensity and bottle-emptying behaviors at early infancy with infants' risk for excess weight at late infancy. Pediatrics. 2008;122(Supplement_2):S77-84.

Rakotomanana H, Hildebrand D, Gates GE, Thomas DG, Fawbush F, Stoecker BJ. Maternal knowledge, attitudes, and practices of complementary feeding and child undernutrition in the Vakinankaratra Region of Madagascar: a mixed-methods study. Current developments in nutrition. 2020;4(11):nzaa162.

Anin SK, Saaka M, Fischer F, Kraemer A. Association between infant and young child feeding (IYCF) indicators and the nutritional status of children (6–23 months) in northern Ghana. Nutrients. 2020;12(9):2565.

Roba KT, O’Connor TP, Belachew T, O’Brien NM. Infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices among mothers of children aged 6–23 months in two agro-ecological zones of rural Ethiopia. Int J Nutr Food Sci. 2016;5(3):185-94.

Kishore MS, Kumar P, Aggarwal AK. Breastfeeding knowledge and practices amongst mothers in a rural population of North India: a community-based study. Journal of tropical pediatrics. 2009;55(3):183-8.

Patel DV, Bansal SC, Nimbalkar AS, Phatak AG, Nimbalkar SM, Desai RG. Breastfeeding Practices, Demographic Variables, and Their Association with Morbidities in Children. Adv Prev Med. 2015;2015:892825

Agunbiade OM, Ogunleye OV. Constraints to exclusive breastfeeding practice among breastfeeding mothers in Southwest Nigeria: implications for scaling up. International breastfeeding journal. 2012;7:1-10.

Ali SS, Karim N, Billoo AG, Haider SS. Association of literacy of mothers with malnutrition among children under three years of age in rural area of district Malir, Karachi. children. 2005;55(12):550-3.

Kramer MS, Kakuma R. Optimal duration of exclusive breastfeeding. Cochrane database of systematic reviews. 2012(8).

Duijts L, Jaddoe VW, Hofman A, Moll HA. Prolonged and exclusive breastfeeding reduces the risk of infectious diseases in infancy. Pediatrics. 2010;126(1):e18-25.




How to Cite

Silawat S, Goswami VP, Rai S, Shrivastava A, Dixit S, Silawat G. Awareness, perception and practices regarding Breast-Feeding and IYCF Practices among mothers of Children Up to 2 Years in Two Districts of Central India: A Cross-Sectional Study. Indian J Community Health [Internet]. 2024 Apr. 30 [cited 2024 Jul. 24];36(2):264-71. Available from:



Original Article