Future prediction of Population, Birth and Fertility rates in India


  • Nomula Chandan Babu Humanities and Commerce, Sainikpuri, Secunderabad, Telangana
  • Sai Padma Aluri Humanities and Commerce, Sainikpuri, Secunderabad, Telangana https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7597-3868




Fertility Rate, Birth Rate, Population Density, Demographic Transition, Life History Theory


Background: Fertility rates have been declining worldwide over the past fifty years, part of a phenomenon known as “the demographic transition”. Aims & Objectives: To draw on life history theory to examine the relationship between population density and fertility rate in India over 74 years. Material &Methods: The association between population versus Birth rate and population versus fertility rate was found using Correlation Analysis, to fit the models using Least square methods. Results: A robust association was found between population and fertility rate, population and Birth rate over the analyzed time period. Population, Birth rate, and Fertility rate for one decade were also forecasted using the best least square method. Conclusion: The analysis shows that the population is on an increasing trend and the Birth rate and fertility rate have decreased tendency.


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Author Biography

Nomula Chandan Babu, Humanities and Commerce, Sainikpuri, Secunderabad, Telangana

Dr.Nomula is working in the department of Maths and Statistics from 2015 and awarded with Telangana state best teacher award for 2022. 


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How to Cite

Babu NC, Aluri SP. Future prediction of Population, Birth and Fertility rates in India. Indian J Community Health [Internet]. 2024 Feb. 29 [cited 2024 Jul. 24];36(1):153-5. Available from: https://www.iapsmupuk.org/journal/index.php/IJCH/article/view/2789