Determinants of Outcome of Teenage Pregnancy: A Case–Control Study from A Rural Hospital of Maharashtra, India

Authors

  • Sanskriti Rajeshwar Pandit Swami Ramanand Teerth Rural Government Medical College, Ambajogai, Beed, Maharashtra
  • Mohini Sopanrao Jogdand Swami Ramanand Teerth Rural Government Medical College, Ambajogai, Beed, Maharashtra https://orcid.org/0009-0005-2942-7459

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47203/IJCH.2024.v36i02.020

Keywords:

Teenage Pregnancy, Teen Pregnancy, Adolescent pregnancy Perinatal Outcome

Abstract

Background: Adolescent pregnancy is increasing, emerging as a serious problem all over the world and more so in developing countries like India. Teenage girls are physically immature for reproduction and also more vulnerable to complications during child birth. But various contrasting results are found in studies done on teenage mothers. Thus, this study was undertaken to see the outcome of teenage and non-teenage mothers. Aim & Objective: To compare various clinical aspects and perinatal outcomes of teenage pregnancy compared to non -teenage pregnancy. Settings and Design: A case control study was conducted among mothers who have delivered in a tertiary care hospital from a rural Maharashtra. Methods and Material: Interview was conducted about socio clinical aspects and perinatal outcome among 50 teen and 50 non teen mothers. Statistical analysis used: Chi square test was used to assess the level of significance among two groups for various aspects. Results: Anaemia (38%), followed by oligohydramnios (22.8%) the most common clinical problems among teenage mothers. Oligohydramnios and preeclampsia occurred significantly more in teenage mothers (p = 0.02and 0.007) than in non-teenage mothers. Conclusions: The present study shows that anaemia, oligohydramnios, preterm delivery and low birthweight were more prevalent among teenage mothers than among non-teenage mothers.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Doddihal C, Katti S, Mallapur M. Teenage pregnancy outcomes in a rural area of South India: A prospective study. International Journal of Medicine and Public Health. 2015;5(3):222.

Banerjee B, Pandey G, Dutt D, Sengupta B, Mondal M, Deb S. Teenage pregnancy: A socially inflicted health hazard. Indian Journal of Community Medicine. 2009;34(3):227.

UNFPA. Girlhood, not motherhood: Preventing adolescent pregnancy. New York: UNFPA; 2015;7. https://www.unfpa.org/sites/default/files/pub-pdf/Girlhood_not_motherhood_final_web.pdf (Last accessed on 2024-04-24)

National family health survey -4. Available from : https://rchiips.org/NFHS/NFHS-4Reports/India.pdf 2015-16;83 (Last accessed on 2024-04-24)

Government of India. National Family Health Survey-3 Report. New Delhi: Ministry of Health and Family Welfare; 2005-2006;3-24.

Makinson C. The health consequences of teenage fertility. Fam Plann Perspect. 1985;17:132-9.

Raatikainen K, Heiskanen N, Verkasalo PK, Heinonen S. Good outcome of teenage pregnancies in high-quality maternity care. The European Journal of Public Health. 2006;16:157-61.

Diagnostic criteria and classification of Hyperglycaemia first detected in Pregnancy. WHO/NMH/MND/13.2;2013;4. https://iris.who.int/bitstream/handle/10665/85975/WHO_NMH_MND_13.2_eng.pdf

World Health Organization, Iron deficiency anaemia: assessment, prevention and control: a guide for programme managers, 2001. https://www.who.int/publications/m/item/iron-children-6to23--archived-iron-deficiency-anaemia-assessment-prevention-and-control

Rajeswari, K. A study on determinants and foeto-maternal outcome in teenage pregnancy. 2008. http://repository-tnmgrmu.ac.in/4133/ (Last accessed on 2024-04-24)

Thekkekkara,T., & Veenu, J. (2006). Factors associated with teenage pregnancy. Indian Journal of Community Medicine. 2006; 31:83.

Parasuramalu B, Shakila N, Masthi R. A study on teenage pregnant mothers attending primary health centers of Kempegowda Institute of Medical Sciences, Bangalore. Indian Journal of Public Health. 2010;54(4):205

Quereshi SM. Family formation pattern and health. WHO Geneva, 1981.

Programming for Adolescent Health and Development. WHO Technical Report Series 886.1999;1-217.

Pachauri S, Jamshedji A. Risks of teenage pregnancy. The Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India. 1960; 33:477-82.

Ghose N, Ghosh B. Obstetric behaviour in teenagers: A study of 1138 consecutive cases. The Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India. 1976; 26:722-6.

Okram SD. International Journal of Reproduction, Contraception, Obstetrics and Gynaecology. 2019;8(2):613-16.

Chahande MS, Jadhao AR, Wadhva SK, Ughade S. Study Of Some Epidemiological Factors In Teenage Pregnancy - Hospital Based Case Comparison Study. Indian Journal of Community Medicine. 2002; 27:3.

Konneh A, Ahmad SS. Complications of pregnancy among adolescents and adult mothers treated in a public hospital, the republic of Liberia: a retrospective comparative study. Malaysian Journal of Public Health Medicine. 2020;20(3):140-46.

Mukhopadhyay P, Chaudhuri RN and Paul B. Hospital based perinatal outcomes and complications in teenage pregnancy in India. Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition. 2010;28(5):494-500.

Sarkar CS, Girl AK, Sarkar B. Outcome of teenage pregnancy and labour: a retrospective study. Journal of Indian Medical Association.1991;89:197-9.

Downloads

Published

2024-04-30

How to Cite

1.
Pandit SR, Jogdand MS. Determinants of Outcome of Teenage Pregnancy: A Case–Control Study from A Rural Hospital of Maharashtra, India. Indian J Community Health [Internet]. 2024 Apr. 30 [cited 2024 Jul. 16];36(2):285-91. Available from: https://www.iapsmupuk.org/journal/index.php/IJCH/article/view/2821

Issue

Section

Original Article

Most read articles by the same author(s)