Epidemiology of Road Traffic Injuries in a Tertiary Care Centre of Lucknow
Introduction: Road traffic injuries are an important cause of mortality and morbidity worldwide. It is the second leading cause of mortality in 15-29 year age group and if the current trend continues then it will be the 5th leading cause of overall mortality worldwide. Objective: To know the epidemiology of Road Traffic Injuries as seen in a tertiary care centre of Lucknow. Methodology: A cross-sectional study was done among patients of RTI admitted at a Tertiary Care Centre). A systematic random sampling technique was used to collect a sample of 267 patients of RTI in the study duration of four months. A pretested semi-structured interview schedule was used to collect necessary information regarding the time, place and the person involved in the accident. Descriptive statistics for continuous variables and frequency, percentage for categorical variables were determined. Chi-square test of uniform distribution was used to test distribution of variables. The level of significance was set at 0.05. Results: The mean age of the patients of RTI was 32 years and majority of the patients of RTI belonged to 16 to 30 years age group. Males outnumbered females giving a Male: Female ratio of 6.85: 1. Majority of the patients were from rural areas. A high proportion of the patients were MTV users. Conclusion: Fracture was the most common type of injury in the patients of RTI and Lower limb was the most common site of injury, followed by head.