Evaluation of treatment outcome of tuberculosis patients in the urban field practice area of D. Y. Patil Medical College, Pimpri, Pune

Authors

  • Balkrishan Lanjewar
  • Jitendra Bhawalkar
  • Sumit Jethani
  • Anjali Dhone

Abstract

Background: Tuberculosis (TB) bacilli have lived in symbiosis with mankind since time immemorial. RNTCP is the largest and the fastest expanding programme throughout the world as 1.29 million patients in 2005, 1.39 million patients in 2006 and 1.48 million patients in 2007 were enrolled for treatment. In 2008, 1.51 million patients have already been placed on treatment. Treatment success rates have tripled from 25% to 86% & TB death rates have been cut 7 fold from 29% to 4% in comparison to the pre-RNTCP (Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme) era.[1] Objective: To study treatment outcome in the form of cure rate, treatment completion rate, failure rate, death rate in the study area. Method: An ambispective study was done in urban field practice area attached to Padamshree Dr. D.Y. Patil Medical College Pimpri, Pune. The study was carried out during 1st July 2011 - 30th September 2013. Results: A total 429 subjects were enrolled in the study of which, 224(52.24%) were successfully completed the treatment, followed by 110(25.54%) which were cured, 34(07.92%) were defaulted, 28(06.52%) were transferred out, 17(03.96%) died and 16(03.72%) underwent treatment failure during the study period. Conclusion: In spite, of many efforts by RNTCP to treat tuberculosis patients it was found only 50 % of the subjects successfully completed the treatment.

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Published

2014-09-30

How to Cite

1.
Lanjewar B, Bhawalkar J, Jethani S, Dhone A. Evaluation of treatment outcome of tuberculosis patients in the urban field practice area of D. Y. Patil Medical College, Pimpri, Pune. Indian J Community Health [Internet]. 2014 Sep. 30 [cited 2022 May 24];26(3):238-42. Available from: https://www.iapsmupuk.org/journal/index.php/IJCH/article/view/414

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Original Article