Adherence to treatment among hypertensive individuals in a rural population of North India

Authors

  • Puneet Misra
  • Harshal Ramesh Salve
  • Rahul Srivastava
  • Shashi Kant
  • Anand Krisnan

Abstract

Background: Hypertension affects nearly a quarter of adults in India. While there are issues related to diagnosis and treatment gap, even among those who received treatment, adherence is a problem resulting in poor control. Aim & Objective: To study the adherence to treatment of hypertension and its determinants among rural population Methods and Material: A community based cross-sectional study was carried out in twenty-eight villages in Ballabgarh block of Faridabad district of Haryana. Sample size of 300 was calculated. Adults (? 18 years) with self-reported hypertension were recruited by simple random sampling at community level. Adherence to treatment was studied by both recall and pill count methods. Information about socio-demographic characteristic was also obtained. Results: In total 350 participants were recruited in the study. Adherence (100%) by recall method was reported among 27.4% subjects and by pill count among 18.9% subjects. Symptom-free period was identified as most common reason for non-adherence. Statistically significant poor adherence to treatment of hypertension was reported among subjects belonging lower social strata.  Conclusions: Very low adherence to hypertension treatment was reported in rural community in northern India. There is urgent need for awareness generation about treatment adherence and developing adherence-monitoring mechanisms at community level

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Published

2017-06-30

How to Cite

1.
Misra P, Salve HR, Srivastava R, Kant S, Krisnan A. Adherence to treatment among hypertensive individuals in a rural population of North India. Indian J Community Health [Internet]. 2017 Jun. 30 [cited 2021 Nov. 28];29(2):176-81. Available from: https://www.iapsmupuk.org/journal/index.php/IJCH/article/view/742

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Original Article