AWARENESS OF NON COMMUNICABLE DISEASES AND THEIR RISK FACTORS AMONG RURAL SCHOOL CHILDREN

  • Siddharudha Shivalli Resident, Department of Community Medicine, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi
  • Manoj Kumar Gupta Resident, Department of Community Medicine, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi
  • Archisman Mohaptra Resident, Department of Community Medicine, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi
  • Ratan Kumar Srivastava Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi.

Abstract

Introduction: Behavioral interventions for Non Communicable Diseases (NCD) abeyance would profit the most, if initiated at an early age. Major risk factors of NCDs are changing life style and behavior pattern which are largely due to practices adopted in younger age. Students' awareness about NCDs and their risk factors is an important part of population based prevention strategy. Objective: To assess the awareness of NCDs and their risk factors among rural intermediate school children. Methodology: A School based cross sectional study was conducted in Chiraigaon Community Development Block of Varanasi from July - Aug 2010. Intermediate school children from eight inter-colleges of Chiraigaon development block were the study subjects. Pretested questionnaire was used in the study and frequency and proportions were used to analyze the data. Results: Less than one third of the children were aware about Diabetes and Hypertension (27% and 31% respectively). Only 18% knew about Body Mass Index (BMI) as an indicator of obesity. In general awareness of NCDs was more in boys than girl. Conclusion: Over all awareness of NCDs and their risk factors among students was not satisfactory. There is a need and scope for health education activity regarding NCDs and their risk factors to promote healthy life style among these school children.

Author Biographies

Siddharudha Shivalli, Resident, Department of Community Medicine, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi
Resident, Department of Community Medicine, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi
Manoj Kumar Gupta, Resident, Department of Community Medicine, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi
Resident, Department of Community Medicine, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi
Archisman Mohaptra, Resident, Department of Community Medicine, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi
Resident, Department of Community Medicine, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi
Ratan Kumar Srivastava, Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi.
Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi.
Published
2013-01-31
How to Cite
SHIVALLI, Siddharudha et al. AWARENESS OF NON COMMUNICABLE DISEASES AND THEIR RISK FACTORS AMONG RURAL SCHOOL CHILDREN. Indian Journal of Community Health, [S.l.], v. 24, n. 4, p. 332 - 335, jan. 2013. ISSN 2248-9509. Available at: <http://www.iapsmupuk.org/journal/index.php/IJCH/article/view/102>. Date accessed: 28 june 2017.
Section
Original Article

Keywords

Non Communicable Diseases, risk factors, school children