The Assessment of work related musculoskeletal morbidity, perceived causes and preventive activities practiced to reduce morbidity among brick field workers.
Work related musculoskeletal morbidity.
Background: Heavy work load transportation, repetitive movements and abnormal posture are prevalent among brick field workers and lead to musculoskeletal morbidity. Methods: A community based cross sectional study was done among brick field workers from July 2018 to May 2019. Brick field workers of more than one year of experience in the age group of 18 to 65 years were included. Multiple response questionnaires were used to assess work related musculoskeletal morbidity and perceived causes. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health recommendations was used to assess preventive activities practiced by workers to reduce musculoskeletal morbidity. Results: Ninety percent of the workers are working for 6-7 days per week and 91.5% of them are spending 7-12 hours per day in brick field. Most common site of musculoskeletal symptoms is shoulder (82%). Thirty nine percent of the workers suffer minor cuts followed by minor burns (23%) and lacerated injury (17%). Lifting weight for long distance (79%), repetitive gesture (59.5%) and bending trunk for long duration (53%) are the major causes of musculoskeletal morbidity as perceived by workers. Preventive activities often practiced by workers are lifting loads from appropriate (knuckle) height (25%), travelling less (≤ 10 feet) distance with heavy load (35%),carrying the bricks in the trolley and not in the upper extremities (30%), taking short rest breaks (45%),stretching exercises (25%), changing of posture (15%) and rotation among different work stations ( 5%). Conclusion: Information education and communication through mass media is required to aware brick field workers to adopt all the preventive activities to reduce work related musculoskeletal morbidity.
Copyright (c) 2019 Indian Journal of Community Health
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.