Impact of infant & young child feeding & caring practices on morbidity
Background: Around 5.9 million children still die every year before reaching their fifth birthday. Child morbidity and mortality due to preventable causes remains high in developing countries. Aim & Objective: To find out the relationship of morbidity with child rearing practices and sociodemographic characteristic. Material and Methods: To cover a sample size of 400 in urban health center area population under 5 children every alternate family was selected by systematic random sampling from the total of 1867 registered families at urban health center. The data was obtained by the interview of mothers and examination of children using predesigned and pretested Questionnaire. The data thus collected, was first coded and then transferred to a master chart on Microsoft Excel sheet, from which distribution as well as co-relation tables were prepared, analyzed and statistically evaluated by SPSS version 20.0.Result: In the present study, the overall fortnightly incidence of morbidity among under 5 children was found to be 65.3% (boys – 64.2%, girls – 66.5%). Exclusive breastfeeding (p < 0.001); time of initiation of breastfeeding (p < 0.001); complementary feeding (p < 0.05) and hand washing practices (p < 0.001) are statistically significant predictors of child morbidity Conclusion: We need comprehensive child health care programme having all three promotive, preventive and curative services.
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