Prevalence of obesity and its correlates in school going adolescents of Haldwani, Nainital, Uttarakhand, India

  • Shantanu Aggarwal
  • Sadhana Awasthi
  • Rajesh Kumar Singh
  • Chandramohan Singh Rawat
  • Saurabh Shukla
  • Farha Akhtar

Abstract

Background: With a rising trend of Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs) in the present world, overweight and obesity has gained importance as it is not only a disease in itself but also risk factor for majority of other NCDs. A dramatic increase in overweight and obesity among children and adolescent has raised the concern of various public health physicians especially in developing country like India. Aims & Objective: To study the prevalence of overweight and obesity & its correlates among school going adolescents of Haldwani block. Material & Methods: School based cross sectional study was done among the adolescents of 8th to 12th standard. To calculate the maximum sample size prevalence of obesity was assumed to be 50%, taking absolute error of 5%, design effect of 2 and 10% non-response rate the sample was calculated to be 880, rounded off to 900. Samples were collected from 30 clusters/schools using simple random sampling. Data was collected using a pre-designed, semi-structured and pre-tested questionnaire and analyzed by using SPSS version 22. Results: Prevalence of overweight and obesity was 13% (CI = 10.8 - 15.2%). Overweight and obesity was found to be significantly associated with urban area, private school, Socio-economic class I, non-vegetarian diet, physical inactivity and playing videogames, working on laptops and computer on univariate analysis. On applying binary logistic regression factors like private schools, socioeconomic class I, non-vegetarian diet and physical inactivity were again found to be significantly associated with overweight and obesity. Conclusion: Prevalence of obesity was found to be more in adolescents having modifiable risk factors.

 

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Published
2016-06-30
How to Cite
1.
Aggarwal S, Awasthi S, Singh R, Rawat C, Shukla S, Akhtar F. Prevalence of obesity and its correlates in school going adolescents of Haldwani, Nainital, Uttarakhand, India. Indian J Community Health [Internet]. 30Jun.2016 [cited 14Oct.2019];28(2):163-8. Available from: http://www.iapsmupuk.org/journal/index.php/IJCH/article/view/668
Section
Original Article