A Study on Domestic Violence Patterns and Its Consequences Among Married Women in Rural Mangalore.
Background: Violence at home is universal across ethnicity, class, religion and culture. One in three women experience domestic violence with global prevalence ranging from 10-69%. 3rd round of NFHS-3 reported 37% prevalence of domestic violence in India. It has significant public health consequence. Due to sensitivity of the problem women may not report. There is less data available from rural areas. It is necessary to estimate in given geographical area.
Aims & objectives: To determine the pattern of domestic violence among women and its association with age, age at marriage, decision making power, economic and educational status of both partners and to determine the legal and health consequences of it.
Methods: Observational Cross-Sectional among 199 rural married women for 2 months using convenient sampling. Women who can read and write Kannada were included. Pre-validated, structured and self-administered questionnaire was used.
Statistics used: Chi-square test was done for significance.
Results: Emotional violence reported to be 83.1%, physical violence 53.8% and sexual violence 21.1%. Domestic violence had significant association with decision maker, age of both the partners and income of both the partners. 63.8% suffered from depression and 58.8% visited doctor 4-6 times in the last year in relation to domestic violence.
Conclusion: The prevalence of domestic violence recorded was high and depression was the serious health consequence. Moral support should be given, and necessary measures should be taken to empower them.
Key words: Abuse, Consequences, Rural, Women, Decision maker.
Key message: Domestic violence against women should be addressed Nationwide. Measures has to be taken to avoid health impacts due to the abuse on women.
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