Care practices during pregnancy, infant feeding practices and their association with nutritional status of infants in Gujarat, India

  • Meshram Indrapal Ishwarji National Institute of Nutrition, Hyderabad, Telangana 500007
  • Kodavanti Mallikharjun Rao National Institute of Nutrition, Hyderabad, Telangana 500007
  • Kakani Sree Ramakrishna National Institute of Nutrition, Hyderabad, Telangana 500007
  • Rachkulla Hari Kumar National Institute of Nutrition, Hyderabad, Telangana 500007
  • Kodavalla Venkaiah National Institute of Nutrition, Hyderabad, Telangana 500007
  • Avula Laxmaiah National Institute of Nutrition, Hyderabad, Telangana 500007
Keywords: Ante-Natal Care, Delivery Practices, Breast Feeding, Undernutrition

Abstract

Background: Infant feeding practices plays an important role in nutritional status of children. Aims & Objectives: To assess ante-natal care, delivery and infant feeding practices and their association with nutritional status. Material & Methods: A community-based, cross-sectional study was carried out in all the districts using systematic random sampling. Information was collected from the selected household on socio-demographic, delivery and feeding practices and anthropometric measurements were carried out. Nutritional status was assessed using WHO Child Growth Standard. Proportion test, bivariate and multivariate regression analysis was done. Results: The overall prevalence of underweight, stunting and wasting was 26%, 21.5% and 16.5% respectively. Logistic regression analysis showed that the risk of underweight and stunting was 1.4-1.5 times higher among infant whose mother had undergone ≤3 ANCs or not availed ANCs, 1.4 times higher among infants delivered at home, having morbidity during previous fortnight and 3.6 times higher among low birth weight children. The risk of underweight and wasting was 1.2 times higher among infants with birth interval less than 2 years and 1.3-1.5 times higher among children whose mothers were washing their hands only with water after defecation. Conclusion: The undernutrition is associated with ante-natal care, delivery practices, low birth weight and hygienic practices.

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Author Biography

Meshram Indrapal Ishwarji, National Institute of Nutrition, Hyderabad, Telangana 500007

Scientist E, (Deputy Director)

Published
2018-09-30
How to Cite
1.
Ishwarji M, Rao K, Ramakrishna K, Kumar R, Venkaiah K, Laxmaiah A. Care practices during pregnancy, infant feeding practices and their association with nutritional status of infants in Gujarat, India. Indian J Community Health [Internet]. 30Sep.2018 [cited 20Nov.2018];30(3):202 -212. Available from: http://www.iapsmupuk.org/journal/index.php/IJCH/article/view/912
Section
Original Article