Prevalence and Determinants of Food Insecurity and Association with Malnutrition of under Five Children in Aligarh

Published

2021-09-30

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47203/IJCH.2021.v33i03.003

Keywords:

Food Security, HFIAS, Malnutrition, Stunting, Wasting

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Issue

Section

Original Article

Authors

  • Ali Jafar Abedi Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6440-9601
  • Arshiya Moin Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh
  • Sameena Ahmad Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3279-1567
  • Saira Mehnaz Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0395-4136
  • Ali Amir Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh

Abstract

Background: Food security has always been a major determinant behind development of malnutrition among the under 5 children of India. Even after sustained efforts to alleviate this problem, we are still way behind in achieving our targets. Aims and Objectives: To assess the prevalence and determinants of food security, and find association of food security with stunting and wasting of children less than five years of age. Materials and Methods: This study among under five children was conducted in field practice areas of Department of Community Medicine, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh. Food security was assessed through Household Food Insecurity Access Scale (HFIAS) while stunting and wasting were assessed by parameters defined by World Health Organization. Statistical Analysis: Done using IBM SPSS 20.0 version. Results: 41.1% children were found to have low food security and among these 1.8% children have very low food security. Overall, statistically significant association was found between food security and malnutrition among the children (p<0.05). Significant association was also found between place of residence, caste, type of family, father’s education, father’s occupation and mother’s education. Conclusion: New health policies should be introduced, and already existing programs need to reinforce to curb this menace.

How to Cite

1.
Abedi AJ, Moin A, Ahmad S, Mehnaz S, Amir A. Prevalence and Determinants of Food Insecurity and Association with Malnutrition of under Five Children in Aligarh. Indian J Community Health [Internet]. 2021 Sep. 30 [cited 2022 Dec. 7];33(3):424-9. Available from: https://www.iapsmupuk.org/journal/index.php/IJCH/article/view/2234

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