Occupational Exposure to Needle Stick Injuries among Health Care Workers in a Tertiary care hospital: A KAP study

Published

2022-06-30

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47203/IJCH.2022.v34i02.017

Keywords:

Needle Stick Injuries, Percutaneous exposure, Accreditation, Universal Precautions

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Issue

Section

Original Article

Authors

  • Tripti Agrawal Officer Commanding Station Health Organisation Jalandhar Cantt Jalandhar https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8704-9605
  • Nitesh Agrawal Military Hospital Jalandhar
  • Vivek Gupta Colonel Health Headquarter Western Command Chandimandir;
  • Barun Bhai Patel Director Health Head Quarter 11 Corps Jalandhar https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0919-0109

Abstract

Background: Needle stick injuries (NSIs) are serious occupational health problem related to accidental exposure of health care workers (HCWs) while involved in patient care services. The percutaneous exposure to potentially contaminated blood and body fluids with blood borne pathogens are responsible for significant prevalence of Hepatitis B, C & HIV infections amongst HCWs. Methods: This is a descriptive cross sectional study conducted in hospital settings over a period of one year. 178 HCWs were selected for study using systematic random sampling after proportional allocation for each professional category in the hospital. Collected data was processed on SPSS ver 24. The association between needle stick and associated factors were measured using the odds ratio at a 95% confidence interval. The statistical significance was made at a p-value of less than 0.05. Results Total of 62 incidences of sustaining a needle stick injury in a year was recorded amongst 178 HCWs. In this study, statistically significant results with p value less than 0.05 was obtained with association with variables like gender [AOR=1.36 (0.64 - 2.68)], experience in years as HCWs [AOR=1.23 (0.32 - 2.12)], profession [AOR=0.063 (0.001- 0.43)], observance of universal precautions as wearing gloves [AOR=0.33 (0.169 – 0.631)] or any training on PEP or universal precautions [AOR=2.29 (1.320 - 4.696)]. Conclusion:  NSIs have the potential to affect the health system both directly and indirectly. To lessen the dangers and impacts of NSIs stringent training should coordinate the endeavors toward preparing of health care workers, utilization of wellbeing designed gadgets, and diminishing patient burden per health care workers.

How to Cite

1.
Agrawal T, Agrawal N, Gupta V, Bhai Patel B. Occupational Exposure to Needle Stick Injuries among Health Care Workers in a Tertiary care hospital: A KAP study. Indian J Community Health [Internet]. 2022 Jun. 30 [cited 2022 Aug. 17];34(2):234-40. Available from: https://www.iapsmupuk.org/journal/index.php/IJCH/article/view/2332

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