Urban Flood Relief Management in COVID-19 Pandemic





Urban Floods, COVID-19, Prayagraj, Flood Relief Camps, Disaster Management


Introduction: Urban floods were addressed as a separate disaster after the historical 2005 Mumbai floods. Urban flood peaks are 2-8 times and volume 6 times when compared with rural floods. We are now handling multiple disasters simultaneously due to the Covid-19 Pandemic. The river plains of north India are prone to floods in the monsoon season and geographical location of Prayagraj doubles the damage because it faces wrath from two sides. Very few researches have been conducted on urban floods and evidence needs to be generated from the field. Methodology: This qualitative research was planned with an objective to identify the difficulties faced in operating an urban flood relief camp during superimposed burden of COVID-19 Pandemic and to suggest remedial measures from the public health aspect. We conducted in-depth interviews of nodal officers, health staff and beneficiaries of the identified camps. Informed consent was taken from participant after explaining them about the research. Results: The findings from the interviews were categorized into 3phases of flood relief i.e. before the floods, during floods and lastly post flood. The most crucial work before floods is to spread awareness about do’s and don’ts in detail. Next was identification of the local people actually affected by flood. The space and facilities at few centers was low for the population load. Urban flood management needs a major overhauling of public health infrastructure to handle such disasters in future. Conclusion: The officials were working hard to make the homeless feel as if they are on a picnic. The database of beneficiaries should be strengthened and should also include students and labourers, anyone who is a flood victim and not only local flood victims.


Download data is not yet available.


National Disaster Management Guidelines- National Disaster Management Information and Communication System (NDMICS) 2011.A publication of the National Disaster Management Authority, Government of India ISBN: 978-93-80440-12-5, February 2012, New Delhi

National Disaster Management Guidelines: Management of Urban Flooding. A publication of the National Disaster Management Authority, Government of India. ISBN: 978-93-80440-09-5, September 2010, New Delhi.

Han J, He S. Urban flooding events pose risks of virus spread during the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. Sci Total Environ. 2021;755(Pt 1):142491. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.142491. Epub 2020 Sep 23. PMID: 33011594; PMCID: PMC7510583.

Slobodan P. Simonovic, Zbigniew W. Kundzewicz, Nigel Wright. Floods and the COVID-19 pandemic—A new double hazard problem. WIREs Water. 2021;8:e1509.

Ilan kumaran Kaliamoorthy, Mettu Srinivas Reddy, Akila Rajakumar, Joy Varghese, Sanjay Pandey, Balaji Pillai, Jothi Clara J. Micheal, Ravindranath Kancherla, and Mohamed Rela, Safe emergency evacuation of a Tertiary Care Hospital during the “once in a century” floods in Chennai, India. Indian J Crit Care Med. 2016 Feb; 20(2): 104–108. doi: 10.4103/0972-5229.175933

V. T. Krishnadas Menon, Jenyz M, Kerline P. J, Vidhu J and C. R. Saju. Study of morbidities in a flood relief camp: observations from kerala 2018. European journal of pharmaceutical and medical research. ejpmr, 2018,5(11), 443-445

Singh G, Hasan F, Kasi S. Medical Relief Camps in Flood Disaster-affected Area: Experience in Jammu and Kashmir. Int J Sci Stud 2016;4(5):60-64.

Euripides Euripidou and Virginia Murray, Public health impacts of floods and chemical Contamination, Journal of Public Health vol. 26, No. 4, pp. 376–383, DOI: 10.1093/pubmed/fdh163.

Integrated Flood Management Tools Series No.23 version 1.0. World Meteorological Organization, 2015

Narasimhan, Bhallamud, Mondal, ArpitaGhosh, Subimal, Mujumdar, P. 2016/05/01, Chennai Floods 2015 : A Rapid Assessment

Sally Thorne, RN.Evid Based Nurs: School of Nursing, University of British Columbia Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada doi: 10.1136/ebn.3.3.68 on 1 July 2000. Available at http://ebn.bmj.com/ India:BMJ-PG

https://prayagraj.nic.in/geography last accessed on 19/05/2022

https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/allahabad/flood-fury-situation-in-prayagraj-grim-brings-back-1978-memories/articleshow/85225458.cms last accessed on 11.5.2022

Dell D. Saulnier, Claudia Hanson, PorIr, Helle Mölsted Alvesson and Johan von Schreeb. The Effect of Seasonal Floods on Health: Analysis of Six Years of National Health Data and Flood Maps. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 665; doi:10.3390/ijerph15040665

Manju Mohan, Yukihiro Kikegawa, B. R. Gurjar, Shweta Bhati, Anurag Kandya, Koichi Ogawa. Urban Heat Island Assessment for a Tropical Urban Airshed in India. Atmospheric and Climate Sciences, 2012, 2, 127-138 http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/acs.2012.22014 Published Online April 2012 (http://www.SciRP.org/journal/acs)

Alderman, Katarzyna, Turner, Lyle, & Tong, Shilu (2012) Floods and human health : a systematic review. Environment International, 47, pp. 37-47.

https://www.pressreader.com/ last accessed on 18 June 2022

https://www.hindustantimes.com/cities/others/flood-water-recedes-from-many-localities-in-up-s-prayagraj-101628966827710.html last accessed on 18 June 2022

https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/allahabad/receding-flood-water-leaves-squalor-and-stench-behind/articleshow/85413635.cms last accessed on 18 June 2022

https://www.amarujala.com/photo-gallery/uttar-pradesh/allahabad/flood-in-prayagraj-fall-in-water-level-of-both-rivers-but-danger-remains last accessed on 18 June 2022

Muttarak R, Dimitrova A. Climate change and seasonal floods: potential long-term nutritional consequences for children in Kerala, India. BMJ Glob Health 2019;4: e001215. doi:10.1136/bmjgh-2018-001215




How to Cite

Tiwari A, Parveen K, Singh SK, Manar M. Urban Flood Relief Management in COVID-19 Pandemic. Indian J Community Health [Internet]. 2022 Jun. 30 [cited 2024 Jul. 12];34(2):301-5. Available from: https://www.iapsmupuk.org/journal/index.php/IJCH/article/view/2395



Original Article