PREVALENCE AND PREDICTORS OF TOBACCO USE; A CROSS- SECTIONAL HOUSEHOLD SURVEY IN ALIGARH DISTRICT OF UTTAR PRADESH

Published

2012-09-30

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Original Article

Authors

  • S Dixit
  • M A Ansari
  • Z Khan
  • N Khalique

Abstract

Background: Tobacco is the leading cause of mortality and morbidity. WHO estimates one billion deaths in 21st century because of tobacco, if current trends of use continue. Methods: The cross sectional survey was conducted over a period of one year among 848 individuals (>15 years) from urban and rural field practicing areas of the department of community medicine, JNMCH, AMU, Aligarh. Door to door survey was done. Households were the primary sampling unit. Data analysis has been done using SPSS version 14.0. To test significance chi square test have been used as applicable. Results: 249 (29.4%) ever used smoked tobacco. Out of which, 224 (26.4%) respondents were current smokers and rest 25 (3%) were ever smokers. A total of 311 (36.7%) study subjects were found user for non smoked substances and out of these, 204 (24 %) were current users and rest 107 (12.7%) were ever users. A total of 422 (49.8%) subjects were found user (including current and ever user both) for any form of the tobacco products (either smoked, non smoked or both). Tobacco use was found significantly associated with socio-economic status, literacy level, parental tobacco use, parental education and male gender. Conclusions: The study documented prevalence and predictors of tobacco use. The study population is at risk of tobacco related morbidity and mortality and needs action targeting the most vulnerable population. Health promotion, health education and behavior change communication as tools, can prove valuable for effective control of tobacco risk behavior.

How to Cite

1.
Dixit S, Ansari MA, Khan Z, Khalique N. PREVALENCE AND PREDICTORS OF TOBACCO USE; A CROSS- SECTIONAL HOUSEHOLD SURVEY IN ALIGARH DISTRICT OF UTTAR PRADESH. Indian J Community Health [Internet]. 2012 Sep. 30 [cited 2022 Aug. 17];24(3):203-8. Available from: https://www.iapsmupuk.org/journal/index.php/IJCH/article/view/251

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