Percolating Risk Factors for Cardiovascular Diseases in Rural North India

Authors

  • Abhishek Mishra Guru Teg Bahadur Hospital Dilshad Garden, Delhi https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2084-1416
  • Tanveer Bano Lala Lajpat Rai Memorial Medical College, Meerut, Uttar Pradesh https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2266-3406
  • Seema Jain Lala Lajpat Rai Memorial Medical College, Meerut, Uttar Pradesh https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5432-5586
  • Ganesh Singh Lala Lajpat Rai Memorial Medical College, Meerut, Uttar Pradesh
  • Neelam Gautam Lala Lajpat Rai Memorial Medical College
  • Parul Chaudhary Lala Lajpat Rai Memorial Medical College, Meerut, Uttar Pradesh

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47203/IJCH.2024.v36i02.004

Keywords:

Cardiovascular Diseases, Prevalence, Hypercholesterolemia, Mortality, Premature, Noncommunicable Diseases, Sociodemographic Factors, Hypertension, Risk Factors, Diabetes Mellitus, Obesity, Educational Status, Schools, Occupations

Abstract

Background: World has seen a tremendous epidemiological transition in disease patterns from communicable to non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Currently cardiovascular diseases are a major cause of disability and premature deaths globally. Objective: (1) To know prevalence of various risk factors of cardiovascular diseases in the rural area of Meerut. (2) To find out the association of sociodemographic factors with hypertension. Settings and design: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Machchra village. Methods: The study was conducted among 315 study participants over time period of one year in which all the adults aged >30 years above residing in the ward of study area were included. Sampling technique used was systematic random sampling. Results: The prevalence of hypertension, diabetes and hypercholesterolemia was found to be 30.2%, 22.2% and 15.2% respectively. The prevalence of pre-obese and obese were 14.3% and 7.0% respectively. The maximum prevalence of hypertension was seen in the age group of 70 years (66.7%), in females (30.6%), SES as class IV (36.5%), secondary school completed population (42.9%) and among homemakers (40.9%). The prevalence of hypertension was found to be statistically significant in relation to age, educational status and occupation. Conclusion: In our study the prevalence of hypertension was found to be 30.2% (in males 29.6% while in females 30.6%).

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References

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Published

2024-04-30

How to Cite

1.
Mishra A, Bano T, Jain S, Singh G, Gautam N, Chaudhary P. Percolating Risk Factors for Cardiovascular Diseases in Rural North India. Indian J Community Health [Internet]. 2024 Apr. 30 [cited 2024 Jun. 13];36(2):173-9. Available from: https://www.iapsmupuk.org/journal/index.php/IJCH/article/view/2672

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