An epidemiological study on assessment of Diabetes risk and determinants among adult population in urban area of Diphu, Assam

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47203/IJCH.2024.v36i02.012

Keywords:

Diabetes, IDRS, Screening, Risk factors

Abstract

Introduction: India is known as capital of Diabetes all over the world. Diabetes is a lifestyle disease which affects all age groups. Objective: To identify the risk of developing Diabetes in adults using Indian Diabetes Risk Score (IDRS) and identify associated factors. Material & Methods: A cross sectional study was done among 200 adults who were non-diabetic by systematic random sampling in urban area, Diphu, Assam using pre-designed semi structured questionnaire, validated IDRS and anthropometric measurements. SPSS Version 20.0 was used for data analysis. Predictors of risk of Diabetes was identified by logistic regression. Results: Among 200 participants, moderate risk was found in 106 subjects and high risk was found in 71 subjects. On multiple regression analysis, age, marital status, education, fruit consumption, blood pressure, Body mass index and physical activity were significantly associated with risk of developing Diabetes. Conclusion: Individuals at risk of diabetes should be identified by screening so that appropriate interventions can be done to prevent/delay the onset of diabetes.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Pradeepa R, Mohan V. Epidemiology of type 2 diabetes in India. Indian J Opthalmol 2021;69(11):2932-2938.

Maglino DJ, Boyko EJ; IDF Diabetes Atlas 10th edition scientific committee. IDF DIABETES ATLAS [Internet].10th edition. Brussels: International Diabetes Federation; 2021. Available from : https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK581934/ Accessed on 24/04/2024

Mathur P, Leburu S, Kulothungan V. Prevalence, Awareness, Treatment and Control of Diabetes in India From the Countrywide National NCD Monitoring Survey. Front Public Health. 2022;10:748157.

Sahadevan P, Kamal VK, Sasidharan A, Bagepally BS, Kumari De et al . Prevalence and risk factors associated with undiagnosed diabetes in India; Insights from NFHS-5 national survey. J Glob Health 2023;13:04135.

Anjana RM, Deepa M, Pradeepa R, Mahanta J, Narain K et al. Prevalence of diabetes and prediabetes in 15 states of India: results from the ICMR-INDIAB population -based cross-sectional study. Lancet Diabetes Endocrinol.2017;5(8);585-596.

World Health Organization. The top 10 causes of death.Availablefrom http://www.who.int/en/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/the-top-10-causes-of-death. Accessed 24/04/2024

Tao Z, Shi A, Zhao J. Epidemiological perspectives of Diabetes .Cell Biochem Biophys 2015;73(1):181-5.

Mohan V, Deepa R, Deepa M, Somannavar S, Datta M. A simplified Indian Diabetes risk scores for screening for undiagnosed diabetic subjects. J Assoc Physicians India.2005; 53:759-63.

IDSP Non Communicable Disease Risk Factors Survey, Phase-I States of India,2007-2008. Available from: https://main.icmr.nic.in/sites/default/files/reports/Phase-1_States_of_india.pdf. Accessed 24/04/024

World Health Organization. Diet, nutrition and the prevalence of chronic diseases. Geneva Switzerland: World Health Organization.2003 WHO Technical Report Series No.916.

WHO Expert Consultation. Appropriate body-mass index for Asian populations and its implications for policy and intervention strategies. Lancet 2004 Jan 0;363(9403):157-63.

Flack JM, Adekola B. Blood pressure and the new ACC/AHA hypertension guidelines. Trends Cardiovasc Med 2020; 30(3):160-164.

Debnath DJ, Kakkar R. Modified BG Prasad Socio-economic classification, updated-2020, Indian J Comm Health 2020; 32(1):124-125.

Giridhar S, Chaudhary A, Kaur P, Bansal P. Risk assessment of Diabetes among patients attending Outpatient department at Urban Health Centre, Ludhiana. Ann Community Health 2021;9(2):182-186

Choudhary N, Raj D, Rathore M, Kayshap A.A community based cross sectional study to assess risk of type 2 Diabetes in adult population using Indian Diabetes Risk Score in field practice area of urban health training centre, Jaipur .J Med Sci Clinical Res 2020;8(8):94-101.

Thapa S, Kayastha P, Mishra DK. Assessment of risk of type 2 Diabetes among adults of banepa municipality, Nepal: Community based cross sectional study. Int J Travel Med Glob Health. 2020; 8(1):31-36.

Joshi S, Kharche JS, Godbole G, Ashok P, Borle P et al. Assessment of Indian Diabetes Risk Score in Pune urban population. IJAR. 2017; 7(5):73-4.

Sengupta B, Bhattacharjya H. Validation of Indian Diabetes risk score for screening prediabetes in West Tripura district of India. Indian j Community Med 2021; 46(1):30-34.

Shaik NN, Jaswanth SM, Manjunatha S. Assessment of risk of developing diabetes using Indian Diabetes Risk Score in the urban field practice area of Rajarajeswari Medical College and Hospital ,Bangalore. Int J Community Med Public Health 2020; 7(1):170-6.

Jayakiruthiga S, Rajkamal R, Gopalkrishnan S, Umadevi R. Assessment of diabetes risk in an adult population using Indian Diabetes Risk Score in urban area of Tamil Nadu. Int. J Community Med Public Health 2018; 5:1587-90.

Dharmakari V, Jha PK, Manisha D. Screening for Undiagnosed Diabetic Subjects using Simplified Indian Diabetes Risk Score in Warangal District of Telangana State. Ann Community Health 2021; 9 (2):302-306.

Toppo NA, Gupta V, Kasar P, Thakur A, Pandey D. Diabetes prevalence and its association with IDRS among patients attendees of Tertiary Care Centre of Jabalpur district of Madhya Pradesh. Int J Innov Res Med Science .2017; 2(4):644-9.

Acharya AS, Debbarma S, Rasania SK, Tiwari N, Bachani D et al. Risk assessment of Diabetes using Indian Diabetes risk score in an urban resettlement colony of East Delhi. Indian J Comm Health.2020; 32(2):354-358.

Ashturkar MD, Kshirsagar MV, Majumdar RT, Dandekar AA. Screening for Diabetes using Indian Diabetes Risk Score in the field practice area of tertiary care hospital, Maharashtra. Int J Community Med Public Health 2019; 6(7):2798-802.

Khan MM, Sonkar GK, Alam R, Mehrotra S, Khan MS et al. Validity of Indian Diabetes Risk Score and its association with body mass index and glycosylated Haemoglobin for screening of diabetes in and around areas of Lucknow. J family Med Prim Care. 2017;6(2):366-373.

Downloads

Published

2024-04-30

How to Cite

1.
Baruah C, Begum T, Boruah B. An epidemiological study on assessment of Diabetes risk and determinants among adult population in urban area of Diphu, Assam. Indian J Community Health [Internet]. 2024 Apr. 30 [cited 2024 Jul. 16];36(2):228-34. Available from: https://www.iapsmupuk.org/journal/index.php/IJCH/article/view/2844

Issue

Section

Original Article