Mapping and vulnerability assessment in urban slums of Nainital and Udham Singh Nagar districts of Uttarakhand: A Cross-sectional Survey

Authors

  • Sadhana Awasthi Government Medical College, Haldwani https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8468-4267
  • Mohd Maroof Rani Durgavati Medical College
  • Harpreet Singh Veer Chandra Singh Garhwali Government Medical Science and Research Institute, Srinagar Garhwal https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8627-7593
  • Kuldeep Singh Martolia Uttarakhand Health and Family Welfare Society, Dept of MH&FW, Govt of Uttarakhand

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47203/IJCH.2024.v36i02.007

Keywords:

Urban Slums, Vulnerability, aspirational districts, Uttarakhand, Nainital, Uddham Singh Nagar

Abstract

Background: With increasing urbanization, number of urban slums is also rising. The health facilities and indicators in urban slums are poor as compared to other urban population. The present study presents an analysis of the health problems, utilization of health services and vulnerability of urban slums. Aims & Objectives: To map the slums in urban areas and assess the vulnerability of households. Methodology: The study was conducted in all urban slums of five cities of Nainital and Udham Singh Nagar districts namely Haldwani, Ramnagar, Rudrapur, Jaspur and Kashipur. Group discussions involving community members, ward surveys by ASHA workers and household level vulnerability assessment were done using standard format according to “Guidelines and Tools for Vulnerability Mapping and Assessment of Urban Health, 2017”. Results: Most urban slum dwellers are daily wage laborers with major population suffering mainly from diabetes, hypertension, respiratory infection. Lack of drugs and diagnostic facilities are the major concerns. Infrastructure needs strengthening in most of the slums. Around three fourth of population belonged to vulnerable group with remaining in highly vulnerable group. Conclusion: There are social problems in urban slums like illiteracy, lack of awareness, unemployment which worsen the health problems. So, a holistic approach is needed for the solution.

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References

Urban Population (% of Total Population) – India: United Nations Population Division. World Urbanization Prospects: 2018 Revision [Internet]. The World Bank [cited 2022 Oct 15] Available from:https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SP.URB.TOTL.IN.ZS?locations=IN.

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Aspirational districts [Internet]. NITI Aayog [cited 2024 Apr 10] Available from:https://www.niti.gov.in/sites/default/files/2022-09/List-of-Aspirational-Districts.pdf.

Guidelines and Tools for Vulnerability Mapping & Assessment for Urban Health 2017 [Internet]. National Health Mission (GoI) [cited 2021 Jan 15]. Available from:https://nhm.gov.in/images/pdf/NUHM/Guidelines_and_tools_for_vulnerability_mapping.pdf.

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Rao BT, Thakur JS. Vulnerability Assessment in Slums of Union Territory, Chandigarh. Indian J Community Med 2007;32(3):189-91.

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Published

2024-04-30

How to Cite

1.
Awasthi S, Maroof M, Singh H, Martolia KS. Mapping and vulnerability assessment in urban slums of Nainital and Udham Singh Nagar districts of Uttarakhand: A Cross-sectional Survey. Indian J Community Health [Internet]. 2024 Apr. 30 [cited 2024 Jul. 25];36(2):195-200. Available from: https://www.iapsmupuk.org/journal/index.php/IJCH/article/view/2851

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