Zoonotic Diseases: A Changing Landscape Demands Global Action

Authors

  • Priyanka Naithani All India Institute of Medical Sciences Rishikesh, Uttarakhand https://orcid.org/0009-0008-8602-4367
  • Yogesh Bahurupi All India Institute of Medical Sciences Rishikesh, Uttarakhand https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2433-1624
  • Meenu Singh All India Institute of Medical Sciences Rishikesh, Uttarakhand

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47203/IJCH.2024.v36i01.001

Keywords:

Zoonotic Diseases

Abstract

During recent years, the globe-wide zoonotic disease landscape has evolved drastically posing significant challenges to the health of the individual and environmental sustainability. Zoonotic illnesses, which occur in animals and are transmission-capable to people, have been an ever-present risk throughout history. According to the “World Health Organization (WHO)”, an estimated 60% of known infectious diseases and around 75% of new or emerging infectious diseases are zoonotic in origin. These illnesses have the potential to inflict widespread morbidity and mortality, along with severe economic losses. However, today's dynamics of our changing environment, which include urbanization, climate change, and growing human-animal interaction, are increasing the probability of zoonotic spillover occurrences. (1) The worldwide spread of the consequences of zoonotic illnesses underscores the critical need for collective effort through international leadership frameworks integrating government, private industry, and civil society. “The Global Health Security Agenda (GHSA)” and the WHO are collaborating on projects to address these concerns and improve global health security. The WHO launched the "One Health Joint Plan of Action," which intends to inscribe health hazards to humans, animals, plants, and the environment. It emphasizes the interconnection of human, animal, and environmental health. (2)

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Taylor LH, Latham SM, Woolhouse ME. Risk factors for human disease emergence. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 2001;356:983–9.

Global Health Security Agenda. [cited 2024 Feb 28]. https://www.GHSAgenda.org/

Thompson A., Kutz S. Introduction to the Special Issue on ‘Emerging Zoonoses and Wildlife’ Int. J. Parasitol. Parasites Wildl. 2019;9:322.

Onyango CO, Opoka ML, Ksiazek TG, Formenty P, Ahmed A, Tukei PM, et al. Laboratory Diagnosis of Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever during an Outbreak in Yambio, Sudan, 2004. Journal of Infectious Diseases. 2007 November 15, 2007;196(Supplement 2):S193-S8.

Rift Valley Fever Yemen 10 September-19 October 2000 Cattle, sheep, goats; Aedes mosquitoes (vector) 653 80

Slingenbergh J. World Livestock 2013: Changing Disease Landscapes. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO); Rome, Italy: 2013.

World Health Organization WHO Health Topic Page: Zoonoses. [(accessed on 28 Feb 2024)]; Available online: https://www.who.int/topics/zoonoses/en/

Taylor L.H., Latham S.M., Woolhouse M.E. Risk factors for human disease emergence. Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B Biol. Sci. 2001;356:983–989.

Hubálek Z. Emerging human infectious diseases: Anthroponoses, zoonoses, and sapronoses. Emerg. Infect. Dis. 2003;9:403–404.

McDaniel CJ, Cardwell DM, Moeller RB, Gray GC. Humans and cattle: A review of bovine zoonoses. Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis. 2014;14:1–19

Downloads

Published

2024-02-29

How to Cite

1.
Naithani P, Bahurupi Y, Singh M. Zoonotic Diseases: A Changing Landscape Demands Global Action. Indian J Community Health [Internet]. 2024 Feb. 29 [cited 2024 Jul. 24];36(1):01-2. Available from: https://www.iapsmupuk.org/journal/index.php/IJCH/article/view/2882

Issue

Section

Editorial

Most read articles by the same author(s)