An epidemiological study of diabetes mellitus amongst high risk age group population in urban and Rural areas of kanpur
Research Question : - What is the magnitude of Diabetes mellitus in the urban and rural areas of Kanpur. Objectives: To study the prevalence of diabetes mellitus amongst high risk age group population in urban and rural areas of Kanpur. To compare the magnitude of problem of diabetes mellitus between urban and rural areas of Kanpur. To study the possible associates and socio-demographic variables related to diabetes mellitus.Study Design : Cross sectional study. Setting : The study was performed on three thousand population each in urban and rural areas of Kanpur. Participants : High risk age group population i.e. 45 years and above. Study variables : Age, Sex. impaired glucose tolerance. Body mass index, Education, Working status. Social class, family history of diabetes. Statistical analysis : Chi-square lest, percentages Results From a total of 676 persons of high risk age group i.e. 45 years and above, the overall prevalence of diabetes mellitus in the study areas was observed lobe 7. l%with 9.94% in urban and 3.61% in rural areas, the maximum percetage of diabetes cases (41.66%) was in the age group of 56-60 years. Higher prevalence of diabetes was observed in the obese (56.25%) and sedentary (87.5%) persons. The family history' of diabetes mellitus was present in (35.41%) of diabetes mellitus cases.