Awareness, Knowledge and Practices of Contraceptive Methods among Married Males of Slums of Phulwarisharif block of Patna District, Bihar
Awareness, Knowledge and Practice about Contraceptives among Married men of Phulwarisharif
Background: Even though India was the first country to launch family planning programme, population growth rate of India is still higher. Many studies regarding contraception has been done on females but the same is lacking on males. Since in Indian society males are dominant decision makers, assessment of their knowledge regarding contraception is very essential.
Objectives: The aim was to assess the level of awareness about the contraceptive methods and factors associated with awareness level among the married males in slums of Phulwarisharif block of Patna.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 212 married males aged 18 to 60 years over a period of 3 months in slums of Phulwarisharif, Patna. Data were collected by interview of study subjects using predesigned and pretested questionnaire. Descriptive statistics and chi-square test were applied using SPSS software.
Results: Among 212 married males 91.5 % have heard of at least one contraceptive method, while only 42.45% have ever used any contraceptive method. The major source of knowledge among 194 aware participants were friends and family members (78.9%). Age, duration of marriage, number of children and position in the family were associated with level of awareness.
Conclusion: Besides of high awareness about contraceptives low utilization and limited knowledge was observed among the married male participants.
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