Systematic Evaluation of Published Research Studies Conducted Among Medical Undergraduate Students on Learning Environment in Medical Colleges of India Using the DREEM Inventory Tool
Objective: To evaluate original studies conducted among medical undergraduate students to assess education and learning environment in India using DREEM (Dundee Ready Educational Environment Measure) tool. Material & Methods: The online search engine PUBMED and Google scholar were utilized to short list original published research studies on learning environment. The eligibility criteria included: study conducted in India upon medical students using DREEM tool; information on sample size, total, and sub-domain DREEM score available. Fourteen original research publications with a total sample size of 4215 medical students were considered. Results: Total DREEM score (range, 0-200) was 119.5 that indicated that there was more positive education environment in selected medical colleges of country. The average score of different sub domains of DREEM also supported the positive environment. Sub-domain DREEM mean scores derived through this analysis was SPL-28.7 (range, 0-48); SPA-28.4 (range, 0-48); SPT-25.8 (range, 0-44); SASP-20.2 (range, 0-32); and SSSP-16.4 (range, 0-28). The scores of all the studies were in the similar range except two. Mean score of most (80%) of the items (40/50) lied between 2 and 3 (range, 0-4) indicating that these areas were ‘neither strong nor weak’ but could be ‘enhanced’. Some aspect of the learning and education environment with average score of less than 2 include inherent challenges of the extensive medical course; the teaching over-emphasizes factual learning (item-25); students are able to memorize all the matter (item-27); and rarely feel bored (item-14) require attention. However, issues like teaching is too teacher centered (item-48); the teachers are authoritarian (item-9); and the teachers get angry in class (item-39) requires sensitization and introspection by the esteem faculty members. Conclusion: Overall students perceived progressive and positive developmental milieu in the learning environment in the selected medical colleges of India.
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