Neck Circumference: A valid anthropometric tool to predict Obesity in Adults of Davanagere, South India

  • Sanjana Murthy, Dr JJM Medical College, Davangere
  • Rajeev Palegar, Dr JJM Medical College, Davangere
  • Shubha Bakkappa Davalagi JJM Medical College, Davangere https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8674-9965
Keywords: Neck Circumference, Anthropometric tool, Adults, India

Abstract

Background: Neck Circumference (NC) can prove as a useful tool to predict obesity and overweight due to its advantages over the other anthropometric measurements. There have been fewer studies to assess its validity in a South Indian population. Aim & Objective: To validate Neck Circumference as a screening tool to predict obesity and to identify critical cut off points for obesity in Adults using Neck Circumference. Settings and Design: A cross sectional study involving 512 study subjects was conducted in the field practice area of a tertiary care hospital. Stratified sampling was used. Methods and Material: Data was collected using a pre designed semi structured questionnaire which included clinico-social details and anthropometric measurements of the respondents as per standard guidelines. Statistical analysis used: Data was analyzed using MS Excel and SPSS v.16.0 Results: In our study population BMI and body fat % was greater in females. NC showed positive correlation with Weight, Height, Waist Circumference and BMI. A cut off for NC of 36 cm in males and 29 cm in females was obtained with a sensitivity of 83.3% and 65.6% respectively. Conclusions: Neck circumference can be an important screening tool for overweight and obesity in adult population.

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Author Biographies

Sanjana Murthy, Dr, JJM Medical College, Davangere

Postgraduate

Dept. of Community Medicine

Rajeev Palegar, Dr, JJM Medical College, Davangere

Professor

Dept. of Community Medicine

Published
2019-12-31
How to Cite
1.
Murthy S, Palegar R, Davalagi SB. Neck Circumference: A valid anthropometric tool to predict Obesity in Adults of Davanagere, South India. Indian J Community Health [Internet]. 2019Dec.31 [cited 2020Feb.26];31(4):457 -463. Available from: http://www.iapsmupuk.org/journal/index.php/IJCH/article/view/1237
Section
Original Article