PREVALENCE, RISK FACTORS AND SOCIO DEMOGRAPHIC CO-RELATES OF ADOLESCENT HYPERTENSION IN DISTRICT GHAZIABAD
Background: Hypertension is a chronic condition of concern due to its role in the causation of coronary heart disease, stroke and other complications. It is one of the major risk factors for cardio-vascular mortality accounting for 20-50% of all deaths. Children with higher blood pressure tend to maintain those levels during adulthood also. Objectives: Assess the prevalence of hypertension in adolescents (11-18 years), its risk factors and their socio-demographic co-relates. Material and Method: Prevalence of adolescent hypertension in previous studies was 7% and the sample size accordingly came to be 1314 with a relative precision of 20%. Multistage sampling technique was used. Half each of the sample size was covered in urban and rural areas . Households in the selected colonies in the urban areas and villages were randomly selected and the adolescents interviewed and examined. Their responses were recorded on a pretested questionnaire and results drawn. Data were analysed using Epi-info and SPSS and chi-square test applied. Results: Prevalence of adolescent hypertension was found to be 5.3% (72 out of 1340); significantly associated with type of family (P<0.001), educational status (P<0.001), occupation (P<0.001), BMI (P<0.01), and smoking habit (P<0.05). However, no relationship of hypertension was found with salt intake, type of diet, exercise, alcohol consumption, stress and family history of hypertension. Conclusion: Socio-demographic factors certainly influence the prevalence and probability of occurrence of adolescent hypertension but the effect of established risk factors (for adult hypertension) needs to be further evaluated for adolescent hypertension and more studies are required in this area.