Pattern of gynecological morbidity, its factors and Health seeking behavior among reproductive age group women in a rural community of Thiruvananthapuram district, South Kerala

  • Anitha Abraham
  • Sara Varghese
  • Mini Satheesh
  • Krishnapillai Vijayakumar
  • Soumya Gopakumar
  • Alice Mendez

Abstract

Introduction: Gynecological morbidities constitute an important health problem among women of reproductive age group in India. Many of them did not seek care and bare it silently. Aims and Objectives: The purpose of this study was to measure the prevalence of self-reported gynecological morbidities among women of 15 to 45 years and to find out association with certain selected socio-demographic factors. This study also tried to study the health seeking behavior of women. Methodology: A population based cross sectional survey was conducted across Vakkom Panchayat, it’s area comes under Rural Health Centre of the Department of Community Medicine, Govt. Medical College, Thiruvananthapuram. A total of 540Women of 15 to 45 years was included in the study by two stage sampling technique. Results: Of the total, 199 {(36.85%) 95% CI -31.14, 42.94} women in the study reported at least one type of gynecological morbidity. Major morbidity reported was menstrual problems (25.0%). Prevalence of overall gynecological morbidities was found to be significantly more among women who married early (<18years) Adjusted OR 1.66 (95%CI- 1.05, 2.64).On subgroup analysis the factors like age group of women (below 30yrs), age at menarche below 13 years & presence of thyroid hormone disorders were found to be significantly (p<0.05) related to menstrual diseases in the regression model. Only 110 (55.3%) women sought treatment for any one of the morbidity. Majority took treatment from private hospitals. Conclusion: Prevalence of gynecological morbidities was high in this community. The data collected are valuable & could serve as preliminary data to pilot innovative delivery of gynecologic healthcare services.

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Published
2014-09-30
How to Cite
1.
Abraham A, Varghese S, Satheesh M, Vijayakumar K, Gopakumar S, Mendez A. Pattern of gynecological morbidity, its factors and Health seeking behavior among reproductive age group women in a rural community of Thiruvananthapuram district, South Kerala. IJCH [Internet]. 30Sep.2014 [cited 24Jun.2018];26(3):230-7. Available from: http://www.iapsmupuk.org/journal/index.php/IJCH/article/view/413
Section
Original Article