PREVALENCE OF ANAEMIA AMONG RURAL PRE-SCHOOL CHILDREN OF MAHARASHTRA, INDIA

  • N Arlappa Scientist D, National Institute of Nutrition, (ICMR), Jamai Osmania, PO, Hyderabad, India
  • N Balakrishna Scientist D, National Institute of Nutrition, (ICMR), Jamai Osmania, PO, Hyderabad, India
  • A Laxmaiah Scientist F, National Institute of Nutrition, (ICMR), Jamai Osmania, PO, Hyderabad, India
  • GNV Brahmam Scientist F, National Institute of Nutrition, (ICMR), Jamai Osmania, PO, Hyderabad, India

Abstract

Background: Anaemia continues to be a severe public health nutritional problem in India affecting all physiological groups, even after the National Nutritional Anaemia Prophylaxis Programme has been in operation for more than three decades. Objective: To assess the prevalence of anaemia among rural pre-school (1-5-years) children of Maharashtra. Methods: A community based cross-sectional study was carried by National Nutrition Monitoring Bureau (NNMB) covering a total of 404 (Boys-243; Girls-161) pre-school children. Information of socio-demographic particulars was obtained and the finger prick blood samples were collected for the estimation of haemoglobin levels by cyanmethmoglobin method. Results: The result shows that 59.2 % (CI: 54.4-64.0) of the rural pre-school children of Maharashtra were anaemic, and the prevalence was significantly (p<0.001) higher (76.5% with CI: 68.1-84.9) among 1-3-year children as compared to 53.6% in 4-5-year- children. Stepwise Logistic regression analysis also revealed that the risk of anaemia in 1-3-year-age group was three times higher (OR= 2.8; 95% CI: 1.6-4.7). Conclusion: Anaemia was severe public health nutritional problem (>40%) among rural pre-school children of Maharashtra. Therefore, appropriate intervention measures such as supplementary iron & folic acid, periodic deworming and health & nutrition education should be strengthened. The community needs to be encouraged to diversify their diets by consuming iron rich foods.

Author Biographies

N Arlappa, Scientist D, National Institute of Nutrition, (ICMR), Jamai Osmania, PO, Hyderabad, India
Scientist D, National Institute of Nutrition, (ICMR), Jamai Osmania, PO, Hyderabad, India
N Balakrishna, Scientist D, National Institute of Nutrition, (ICMR), Jamai Osmania, PO, Hyderabad, India
Scientist D, National Institute of Nutrition, (ICMR), Jamai Osmania, PO, Hyderabad, India
A Laxmaiah, Scientist F, National Institute of Nutrition, (ICMR), Jamai Osmania, PO, Hyderabad, India
Scientist F, National Institute of Nutrition, (ICMR), Jamai Osmania, PO, Hyderabad, India
GNV Brahmam, Scientist F, National Institute of Nutrition, (ICMR), Jamai Osmania, PO, Hyderabad, India
Scientist F, National Institute of Nutrition, (ICMR), Jamai Osmania, PO, Hyderabad, India
Published
2012-03-15
How to Cite
ARLAPPA, N et al. PREVALENCE OF ANAEMIA AMONG RURAL PRE-SCHOOL CHILDREN OF MAHARASHTRA, INDIA. Indian Journal of Community Health, [S.l.], v. 24, n. 1, p. 4-8, mar. 2012. ISSN 2248-9509. Available at: <http://www.iapsmupuk.org/journal/index.php/IJCH/article/view/73>. Date accessed: 21 aug. 2017.
Section
Original Article

Keywords

Anaemia; Pre-school children; Maharashtra; Micronutrients.