Psycho-social health problems: Prevalence and associated factors among students of professional colleges in Jammu


  • Rashmi Kumari Government Medical College, Jammu
  • Sonia Jandial Government Medical College, Jammu
  • Rajiv Kumar Gupta Government Medical College, Jammu
  • Sunil Kumar Raina Dr RP Govt. Medical College, Tanda
  • Parveen Singh Government Medical College, Kathua



Depression, Anxiety, Stress, Students, Medical, Engineering


Background: Psycho-social health problems are an area of concern worldwide especially among students pursuing professional courses. The competition for grades, carrier insecurity often contribute to various emotional disturbances such as stress, anxiety and depression. Aims and Objectives: to determine the prevalence of stress, anxiety and depression in students of two main professional streams (medical & engineering) and to find out various factors associated with them. Material and methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among students of medical and engineering stream using DASS 42 scale. Further a self administered, pretested questionnaire was used to elucidate information on socio-demographic and personal characteristics. Results: Out of a total of 480 students (300 MBBS and 180 Engineering), prevalence of stress, anxiety and depression in medical & engineering students was 47.6 %, 68.6%, 43.7% and 41.1%, 71.1 % & 40.0 % respectively. On Multiple Regression analysis, relationship with family members emerged as a significant independent predictor for all the three psychogenic factors. Conclusions: A high prevalence of depression, anxiety and stress was found among students of both the streams. There is a need to introduce simple counselling and stress management techniques in curriculum to combat such morbidities


Download data is not yet available.


Marcus M, Yasamy MT, Van OM, Chisholm D, Saxena S. Depression, A Global Public Health Concern. Geneva: World Health Organization. Available from: mental_health/ management/depression/whopaper_depression_wfmh_2012.pdf. Last Accessed Oct.13, 2018.

Anxiety. American Psychological Association. Available from: topics /anxiety /index.aspx. Last accessed Oct. 13, 2018.

Stress. American Psychological Association. Available from: /stress/. Last accessed Oct. 13, 2018.

Dahlin M, Joneborg N, Runeson B. Stress and depression among medical students: a cross-sectional study. Med Educ 2005; 39(6):594- 604. Pubmed PMID: 6502152. [Pubmed]

Verma N, Jain M, Roy P. Assessment of magnitude and grades of depression among adolescents in Raipur city, India. Int.Res.J.Medical Sci 2014; 2(5):10-13.

Surwase K, Bagdey P, Adikane H. A Cross sectional study of stress among Medical students in Government Medical College, Nagpur. Sch. J App. Med. Sci. 2016;4(9A): 3229-32.

Henning K, Ey S, Shaw D. Perfectionism, the imposter phenomenon and psychological adjustment in medical, dental, nursing and pharmacy students. Med Educ.1998; 32:456–464. PubMed PMID:10211285 [PubMed]

Roberts LW, Warner TD, Lyketsos C, Frank E, Ganzini L, Carter D. Perceptions of academic vulnerability associated with personal illness: a study of 1,027 students at nine medical schools. Collaborative Research Group on Medical Student Health. Compr Psychiatry 2001; 42(1): 1-15. PubMed PMID:11154710[PubMed]

Dyrbye LN, Thomas MR, Eacker A, et al. Race, ethnicity, and medical student well-being in the United States. Arch Intern Med. 2007;167 (19):2103-9. PubMed PMID:17954805[PubMed]

Yusoff MS, Abdul Rahim AF, Baba AA, Ismail SB, Mat Pa MN, Esa AR. The impact of medical education on psychological health of students: a cohort study. Psychol Health Med. 2013;18:420–430.

Schernhammer ES, Colditz GA. Suicide rates among physicians: a quantitative and gender assessment (meta-analysis) Am J Psychiatry. 2004;161(12):2295-302. PubMed PMID :15569903[PubMed]

Singh A, Lal A, Shekhar A. Prevalence of depression among medical students of a private medical college in India. Online Journal of Health and Allied Sciences. 2010;9(4):8-12.

Vaidya PM, Mulgaonkar KP. Prevalence of depression, anxiety and stress in undergraduate medical students and its correlation with their academic performance. Indian J of Occup Ther. 2007; 39:7-10.

Rizvi F, Qureshi A, Rajput AM, Afzal M. Prevalence of Depression, Anxiety and Stress (by DASS Scoring System) among Medical Students in Islamabad, Pakistan. British Journal of Medicine & Medical Research. 2015; 8(1): 69-75

Krishnappa K , SinghNP , Jain PK , Sharma A, Mehra J , Nayak KS . Medical School and Stress: A Cross-sectional Study of Stress among Medical Students in Uttar Pradesh University of Medical Sciences in district Etawah. Indian journal of community health 2018 ; 30 (3):239-46

Waghachavare VB, Dhumale GB, Kadam YR, Gore AD. A study of stress among students of professional colleges from an urban area in India. Sultan Qaboos Univ Med J.2013;13(3):429-436. PubMed PMID: 23984029 [PubMed]

Devi LS, Fatma N. A comparative study of depression and anxiety among medical and engineering students. International Education and Research Journal 2016; 2(5):116-117.

Muddgal A , Pyari D. A Comparative Study of Anxiety, Depression and Stress among medical and engineering students. International journal of scientific research.2016;5(3):41-44.

Iqbal S,Gupta S , Venkatarao E. Stress, anxiety and depression among medical undergraduate students & their socio-demographic correlates. Indian J Med Res.2015:354-357.

Supe AN . A study of stress in medical students at Seth GS Medical college. J Postgrad Med 1998;44(1):1-6. PubMed PMID:10703558 [PubMed]

Kumar GS, Jain A and Hegde S. Prevalence of depression and its associated factors using Beck Depression Inventory among students of a medical college in Karnataka. Indian Journal of Psychiatry 2012;54(30):223-226. PubMed PMID:23226844 [ PubMed ]




How to Cite

Kumari R, Langer B, Jandial S, Gupta RK, Raina SK, Singh P. Psycho-social health problems: Prevalence and associated factors among students of professional colleges in Jammu. Indian J Community Health [Internet]. 2019 Mar. 31 [cited 2024 Mar. 4];31(1):43-9. Available from:



Original Article

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>