A Community based Study of Anaemia Burden using Hemocue 201 in Eastern India

  • Vikas Bhatia AIIMS Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
  • Swayam Pragyan Parida AIIMS Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
  • Preetam B Mahajan Pondicherry Institute of Medical Sciences, Puducherry, India https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9509-7647
  • Durgesh Prasad Sahoo AIIMS Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
  • Sourav Bhattacharjee UNICEF, Odisha, India
Keywords: Anaemia, NIPI, Hemoglobin, Prevalence, Hemocue, Iron Folic Acid Tablet

Abstract

Background: India is facing a serious burden of anemia where majority of the women (51%) of reproductive age suffer from anemia. Though there are many programs being run for decades to fight anaemia, it still persist to be a major health challenge in Odisha where around half of the women and children are anemic (children age 6-59 months; 44.6%, pregnant women of age 15-49; 47.6%, all women of age 15-49 years; 51.0%). Objectives: AIIMS Bhubaneswar, in partnership with Govt. of Odisha and UNICEF aimed to assess the burden of anaemia in the state. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted amongst 3974 beneficiaries between March to July 2016. Hemoglobin estimation was done using Hemocue 201. Results:  Prevalence of mild, moderate and severe anemia was observed to be 39-58%, 7-20% and 1-3%, respectively in 4 districts. Coverage of iron folic acid tablets amongst adolescent girls, adolescent boys, pregnant women, lactating mothers, and women of reproductive age groups were 38%, 16%, 73%, 46%, 11% respectively. Conclusion: The study has shown that prevalence of severe and moderate anaemia has decreased to a greater extent, however the prevalence of mild anaemia is still very high.

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Author Biographies

Vikas Bhatia, AIIMS Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India

Prof and Head, Department of Community Medicine and Family Medicine, AIIMS Bhubaneswar, Odisha

Swayam Pragyan Parida, AIIMS Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India

Associate Professor, Department of Community Medicine and Family Medicine, AIIMS Bhubaneswar, Odisha

Published
2020-06-30
How to Cite
1.
Bhatia V, Parida SP, Mahajan PB, Sahoo DP, Bhattacharjee S. A Community based Study of Anaemia Burden using Hemocue 201 in Eastern India. Indian J Community Health [Internet]. 2020Jun.30 [cited 2020Aug.8];32(2):365 -370. Available from: https://www.iapsmupuk.org/journal/index.php/IJCH/article/view/1409
Section
Original Article