HIV/AIDS awareness and related health education needs among slum dwellers of Jodhpur city





HIV, AIDS, Need Assessment, Poverty Areas

Dimensions Badge



Short Article


  • Vibha Joshi Maulana Azad University, Jodhpur
  • Nitin Kumar Joshi All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Jodhpur
  • Komal Bajaj Sainath hospital & Research center, Jodhpur
  • Pankaj Bhardwaj School of Public Health, All India Institute Of Medical Sciences, Jodhpur


Background: The people living in slums lack the basic civic amenities. Due to deprivation of socioeconomic resources and health care facilities these groups of people are more vulnerable to infectious diseases like HIV/AIDS. Aim& Objective: To assess the knowledge and awareness about HIV/AIDS and to identify related health education needs in urban slums of Jodhpur. Settings and Design: A cross sectional study was conducted during July – Nov 2018 in slums of Jodhpur city.  Methods and Material: Two stage cluster sampling strategy was used to collect data from 1200 participants regarding HIV/ AIDS knowledge and awareness to identify health education needs in urban slums. Statistical analysis used: Descriptive statistics, chi-square test and multivariate logistics analysis were used. Results: A total of 1200 participants were surveyed, out of which 48.5 % were males.   Among the study population 58% (n=697) has heard about HIV/AIDS and only 17.5% (n=211) have knowledge that the HIV and AIDS are different. Only 17.8% (n=214) have undergone HIV testing. Females were less likely aware about preventive measures of HIV than males (OR=0.09, 95%CI=0.05-0.14, P value<0.05). The younger population (15-45years) were less likely aware about preventive measures for HIV than older population (>45 years). Only 13.9% (n=110) of tobacco consumers and 11.5% (n=78) alcohol consumers have undergone HIV testing. Conclusions: The comprehensive health education program should be designed with focus on different education needs according to age and gender of urban slums.

How to Cite

Joshi V, Joshi NK, Bajaj K, Bhardwaj P. HIV/AIDS awareness and related health education needs among slum dwellers of Jodhpur city. Indian J Community Health [Internet]. 2020 Mar. 31 [cited 2023 May 29];32(1):167-9. Available from:


Download data is not yet available.


HIV/AIDS [Internet]. 2019 [cited 8 December 2019]. Available from:

India [Internet]. 2017 [cited 10 December 2019]. Available from:

National AIDS Control Organization & ICMR-National Institute of Medical Statistics (2018). HIV Estimations 2017: Technical Report. New Delhi: NACO, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India. Reyes R., Ahn R., Thurber K., Burke T.F. (2013) Urbanization and Infectious Diseases: General Principles, Historical Perspectives, and Contemporary Challenges. In: Fong I. (eds) Challenges in Infectious Diseases. Emerging Infectious Diseases of the 21st Century. Springer, New York, NY

World Health Organization, Regional Office for South-East Asia. (?2011)?. Addressing health of the urban poor in South-East Asia Region: challenges and opportunities. WHO Regional Office for South-East Asia.

Jennings L, Mathai M, Linnemayr S, Trujillo A, Mak’anyengo M, Montgomery B et al. Economic Context and HIV Vulnerability in Adolescents and Young Adults Living in Urban Slums in Kenya: A Qualitative Analysis Based on Scarcity Theory. AIDS and Behavior. 2017; 21(9):2784-2798.

Kapadia F, Vlahov D, Donahoe R, Friedland G. The Role of Substance Abuse in HIV Disease Progression: Reconciling Differences from Laboratory and Epidemiologic Investigations. Clinical Infectious Diseases. 2005; 41(7):1027-1034.

Kumar P. Slums in India: Results from Census, 2011. Journal of Environmental and Social Sciences. 2016; 3(1): 124.

Syed S, Gangam S. HIV/AIDS Knowledge and Patterns of sexual behavior among adult slum dwellers in Mumbai, India. International Journal of Medical Research & Health Sciences. 2015; 4(4):740.

Mberu B, Haregu T, Kyobutungi C, Ezeh A. Health and health-related indicators in slum, rural, and urban communities: a comparative analysis. Global Health Action. 2016; 9(1):33163.

Women [Internet]. 2016 [cited 6 December 2019]. Available from:

Wadhwa V, Ghosh J, Kalipeni E. Factors affecting the vulnerability of female slum youth to HIV/AIDS in Delhi and Hyderabad, India. GeoJournal. 2010; 77(4):475-488.

Wadgave H. Knowledge of HIV/AIDS transmission among the adolescent girls in slum areas. Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS. 2011; 32(2):139.

Joshi V, Joshi NK, Bajaj K. Patient’s knowledge about HIV and willingness toward rapid HIV oral testing in dental settings, Jodhpur, Rajasthan. Int J Community Med Public Health 2018; 5:5349-54.

Balasundaram, A., Sarkar, S., Hamide, A., & Lakshminarayanan, S. Socioepidemiologic profile and treatment-seeking behaviour of HIV/AIDS patients in a tertiary-care hospital in south India. Journal of health, population, and nutrition 2014; 32(4):587–594.

Kumar R., Swaminathan S. , Flanigan T., Mayer K., Niaura R. HIV & smoking in India. The Indian journal of medical research 2004; 130: 15-22.