Burden of overweight and obesity among children studying in schools of Western Rajasthan





Overweight, Obesity, School Children


Background: Obesity in children has become a public health concern worldwide with a significant rise in recent years. Aim & Objective: This study aimed to estimate the occurrence of overweight and obesity in adolescents studying in school and to determine the risk factors for obesity as well as overweight in this population. Settings and Design: This cross-sectional research was carried out among adolescent children of age group 12-15 years from Jodhpur's rural and urban schools. Methods and Material: The present study included 1864 school children. A well-structured questionnaire was used to gather data, and the researchers measured weight and height with the help of calibrated tools. Index for Body Mass (BMI) and Z-scores were calculated, and the World Health Organization (WHO) standardized gender-specific growth chart was used to classify children as being overweight and obese. Statistical analysis used: The statistical evaluation was conducted utilising SPSS version 23.0. Chi-square analyses were applied to analyse the relationship of independent variables with overweight/obesity status. Variables showing statistical significance at a 5% level were further analysed using multiple logistic regression. Results: It was discovered that the rate of overweight and obesity among Jodhpur schoolchildren was 23.2%, with 22.9% classified as overweight and 0.3% as obese. The analysis revealed that children attending urban and public schools exhibited higher rates of obesity and overweight compared to those in rural and private schools. Conclusions: The study highlights a considerable burden of overweight among children enrolled in schools of Jodhpur, warranting the implementation of sustainable intervention aimed at encouraging physical exercise and a balanced diet.


Download data is not yet available.


GBD 2015 Obesity Collaborators, Afshin A, Forouzanfar MH, Reitsma MB, Sur P, Estep K, et al. Health Effects of Overweight and Obesity in 195 Countries over 25 Years. N Engl J Med. 2017;377(1):13–27.

Reilly JJ, El-Hamdouchi A, Diouf A, Monyeki A, Somda SA. Determining the worldwide prevalence of obesity. The Lancet [Internet]. 2018;391(10132):1773–

World Obesity Federation [Internet]. World Obesity Atlas 2022. Available from: https://www.worldobesity.org/resources/resource-library/world-obesity-atlas-2022

Krishnaswamy Sashindran V, Dudeja P. Obesity in School Children in India. Eze Anugwom E, Awofeso N, editors. 2020 Sep 9 [cited 2023 Jun 27].

Report of the commission on ending childhood obesity [Internet]. Available from: https://www.who.int/publications-detail-redirect/9789241510066

Lee YS. Consequences of childhood obesity. Ann Acad Med Singapore. 2009;38(1):75–7.

Chudasama R, Km T, Eshwar S, Thakkar D. Obesity and Overweight Prevalence among School Children and Adolescents Aged 8-18 Years in Rajkot, Gujarat. Indian Pediatr. 2016;53(8):743-4.

Chandra N, Anne B, Venkatesh K, Teja GD, Katkam SK. Prevalence of Childhood Obesity in an Affluent School in Telangana Using the Recent IAP Growth Chart: A Pilot Study. Indian J Endocrinol Metab. 2019;23(4):428–32.

Bhargava M, Kandpal SD, Aggarwal P, Sati HC. Overweight and Obesity in School Children of a Hill State in North India: Is the Dichotomy Urban-Rural or Socio-Economic? Results from a Cross-Sectional Survey. PloS One. 2016;11(5): e0156283.

Chanchala HP, Madhu B, Nagaraja MS, Shanbhog R. Secular trends in prevalence of overweight and obesity over a decade in urban and rural South Indian children integrated with geographic information system. Indian J Dent Res Off Publ Indian Soc Dent Res. 2022;33(3):235–40.

Pawar S, Choksey A, Jain S, Surude R, Rathi P. Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity in 4 Schools of South Mumbai. J Clin Diagn Res. 2016;10(3): OC01–OC02.

Kim KM, Kim JH, Kim D, Lim MH, Joo H, Yoo SJ, Kim E, Ha M, Paik KC, Kwon HJ. Associations among High Risk for Sleep-disordered Breathing, Related Risk Factors, and Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Symptoms in Elementary School Children. Clin Psychopharmacol Neurosci. 2020 Nov 30;18(4):553-561.

Guo Y, Zhang X, Liu F, Li L, Zhao D, Qian J. Relationship between Poorly Controlled Asthma and Sleep-Related Breathing Disorders in Children with Asthma: A Two-Center Study. Can Respir J. 2021 Jan 28;2021:8850382.




How to Cite

Kaushal R, Goyal JP, Goel AD, Patel M, Bhardwaj P. Burden of overweight and obesity among children studying in schools of Western Rajasthan. Indian J Community Health [Internet]. 2024 Feb. 29 [cited 2024 Jul. 24];36(1):145-8. Available from: https://www.iapsmupuk.org/journal/index.php/IJCH/article/view/2754



Short Article

Similar Articles

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.